WSJ Cherry-Picks Data to Label Cap-and-Trade Scheme ‘Regressive’
An editorial in today’s Wall Street Journal attacks President Obama’s cap-and-trade plan to curb carbon emissions as a “regressive” policy:
Hit hardest would be the “95% of working families” Mr. Obama keeps mentioning, usually omitting that his no-new-taxes pledge comes with the caveat “unless you use energy.” Putting a price on carbon is regressive by definition because poor and middle-income households spend more of their paychecks on things like gas to drive to work, groceries or home heating.
The Congressional Budget Office — Mr. Orszag’s former roost — estimates that the price hikes from a 15% cut in emissions would cost the average household in the bottom-income quintile about 3.3% of its after-tax income every year. That’s about $680, not including the costs of reduced employment and output. The three middle quintiles would see their paychecks cut between $880 and $1,500, or 2.9% to 2.7% of income. The rich would pay 1.7%. Cap and trade is the ideal policy for every Beltway analyst who thinks the tax code is too progressive (all five of them).
Hmm, let’s take a look at this claim.
As the Journal’s editorial board points out later in the editorial, Obama’s plan calls for 80 percent of the revenue generated by selling carbon allowances to be given back to the public through a tax credit of $400 for individuals or $800 for families. If you accept the Journal’s numbers, that means the bottom quintile would *gain *$120 a year, while higher-income families would lose slightly (in the short term, at least, until alternative energy becomes cheaper).
Don’t believe me? Then take a look at this chart from the very same CBO report cited by the Journal:
Note that although Obama’s plan calls for a tax credit, the effect is that of a lump-sum rebate, because every individual/household would receive the same amount. So the Journal’s questionable math notwithstanding, the poorest 40 percent of Americans would gain from this plan (including a substantial gain by the poorest 20 percent), the richest 40 percent would lose and the middle 20 percent would break about even.
If that’s not a progressive tax scheme, what is?