Obama Releases Details of New Housing Plan
The Obama administration unveiled the details of its new housing rescue plan today, and Bloomberg has some of the specifics:
The initiative, first announced on Feb. 18, would require applicants for loan modifications to fully document their income with pay stubs and tax returns, and sign an affidavit attesting to “financial hardship,” according to documents released by the U.S. Treasury in Washington today. The second, larger part of the plan relies on government-run Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to refinance loans.
There are no surprises here. The details announced today were outlined by President Obama when he announced the rescue effort last month, as The New York Times noted.
A mortgage lender or mortgage-servicing company would first receive cash incentives to modify a borrowers’ loan so that the monthly housing payment declines to no more than 38 percent of the family’s gross monthly income. At that point, the government would match, dollar for dollar, the lender’s cost in reducing the payments as low as 31 percent of monthly income.
The reduced payments could come in the form of a lower interest rate, longer mortgage term or a reduction in the principal outstanding loan amount. The lender would have to make a calculation on whether its cost from reducing the monthly payments, after accounting for the government’s cost-sharing, would be less than the costs it would incur from foreclosing on the house.
The guidelines indicate that a lender would have to make the loan concessions if the subsidized cost of doing so would be lower than the cost of foreclosure. The decision would become voluntary if the estimated costs of the concessions appeared to be higher than the cost of foreclosure.
However, this is new: Bloomberg reports more than 8.3 million Americans were underwater on their mortgages in the fourth quarter of last year — meaning they owed more on their loans than their homes were worth.
That news alone demonstrates why this plan is necessary.