Lunar New Year - The Festivities, The Fireworks, The Fluffy Rabbit
While nations across the globe already celebrated the coming of 2023, some parts of the world just recently geared up for the Lunar New Year.
Considering the sheer number of celebrators alone, China, the world’s most populous country - over 1.4 billion as of this writing - seemingly led the merriments last January 22nd.
Picture these things in your mind:
The exquisite Chinese calligraphy adorning the lanterns and bright red envelopes. The vibrant dragon dance and lion dance. The illuminating fireworks display, not to mention the noisy but fun firecrackers.
How can anyone miss the Lunar New Year, with its animated celebration going beyond the Great Wall of China?
COPYRIGHT_WI: Published on https://washingtonindependent.com/lunar-new-year/ by Katya Ryder on 2023-01-24T02:32:57.853Z
Chinese New Year 2023 Lion Dance Performance, Hong Kong 癸卯年年初一舞獅表演
Not even China, which also happens to be the world’s second largest country, can contain the annual Lunar New Year celebration.
Its observance and revelry have long reached the shores of its Asian neighbors near and far:
- Indonesia (Imlek)
- Mongolia (Tsagaan Sar)
- South Korea (Seollal)
- Tibet (Losar)
- Vietnam (Tet)
If a western calendar serves as a reference, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, Lunar New Year typically falls between January 21 and February 20.
This 2023, January 22 marks the date of this extra special occasion.
Despite the difference in the length of celebration, nationalities who observe the Lunar New Year commonly do the following as part of the general festivities:
- do prior spring cleaning
- prepare a feast and eat together as a family
- visit each other (relatives, neighbors)
- visit the grave of dead family members/relatives/ancestors
- pay respect to the deities (e.g., temple visits, religious rituals and customs)
Jordan Sully, the owner of the site ThaiGuider, wrote about how the Thai people celebrate it for three days, with the first day (Wan Jaai) being a shopping day.
The second day (Wan Wai) is when they offer food and prayers to their deities and demised relatives. On the last day (Wan Tiao), they visit their grandparents and other elderly relatives.
It’s also a 3-day celebration in South Korea; in Tibet, five days. Still, with all the celebrations, the Lunar New Year is not a public holiday in Thailand and Cambodia.
In Singapore, according to the travel guidebook Frommer’s, since 1987, people would partake in the River Hongbao revelries. The celebration has since become nine days long.
These two festivals are the same in the sense that they both celebrate the dawn of a new year.
In China, the Chinese New Year, also called Spring Festival (Chunjie), is celebrated at the beginning of the winter solstice or dongzhi (typically January 21) until the start of spring or ichun (usually February 20).
It lasts for 15 days, with seven consecutive days declared as public holiday (this 2023, that’s from January 21 to 27).
According to Britannica, the Chinese government started implementing the 7-day holiday in the ‘90s.
The Chinese New Year is also referred to as the Lunar New Year. Below is a simple explanation:
The holiday is sometimes called the Lunar New Year because the dates of celebration follow the phases of the moon.
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
It starts with the new moon and concludes with the appearance of the next full moon.
A Chinese legend points to a violent man-eating mythical creature called nian being the root cause of this local-turned-global celebration. In Mandarin, according to the South China Morning Post, “nian” sounds like “year.”
As the folklore goes, every new year, the nian would wreak havoc on villages and devour anyone, including animals.
What a despicable being this nian is, right? Imagine, starting the year in chaos? Good thing there are four things that can terrify it. Guess what? Per Britannica:
- “bright lights”
- “loud noises”
- “the color red”
Now you have an idea why the Chinese New Year, aka Lunar New Year, celebration is noisy (the firecrackers, the music, the drumbeat) and bright (rows upon rows of lanterns), with most things in vivid red.
Below is a table of how the celebration in China proceeds and ends, according to Chinesenewyear.net via Al Jazeera:
|Timeline of Celebration||Activities|
|before the main day (10 days, more or less)||series of general house cleaning|
|Lunar New Year's Eve (usually at 11:00 p.m.)||family dinner; adults give money to children placed in a red envelope|
|Lunar New Year's Day (Day 1)||start of fireworks display at 12 midnight; visiting neighbors|
|Day 2 to 6||visits and gatherings with relatives and neighbors|
|Day 7||some go back to work|
|Day 8 to 14||people carry on with the festivities|
|Day 15 (last day)||Lantern Festival (Yuan Xiao Festival)|
The traditions practiced during the Lunar New Year basically aim on driving away bad or evil spirits and attracting good fortune and prosperity.
One common gesture is the traditional giving of money placed inside a red envelope to children.
Others would be the lion dance and the dragon dance, performed to usher fortune and blessing.
During a specific hour on the third day of celebration, Tibetan people would place prayer flags on rooftops for a bountiful harvest. On the first day, for good luck, women would wake up earlier than usual to fetch water from a river.
Koreans wear their traditional dress called hanbok and play the traditional board game Yut Nori.
On the final day of their Lunar New Year, the Chinese hold the Lantern Festival (Yuan Xiao Festival). They parade the streets carrying lanterns. Others hang them on temples.
The Chinese would likewise put bamboo plants and pussy willows inside the house for good luck as well as small round fruits particularly oranges and kumquats (tangerines) on the dining table to attract wealth.
The things, including foods, normally seen during the Lunar New Year carry with them different symbolism:
|firecrackers and fireworks||shoo away evil spirit; repel bad luck|
|fish (both the decorations and the food)||prosperity|
|fruit blossoms||bountiful fruit harvest|
|fu character||blessings, happiness|
|rice balls||“wholeness and unity within the family” (per Britannica)|
|lion||authority, wisdom, power|
|longevity noodles||joy and long life|
|peach||long life, romance|
|white envelopes (for the money)||purity (for the Koreans)|
What’s a Lunar New Year without the bountiful, sumptuous food? Never celebrate with an empty stomach!
Below are some of the traditional Lunar New Year food prepared and served in different countries:
|Food/Dish and Place of Origin||Description|
|banh chung (Vietnam)||wrapped sticky rice cake|
|chunjuan (China)||spring rolls similar to dim sum in content|
|tikoy (Philippines)||glutinous rice cake (flavors: purple yam, strawberry, green pandan, etc.)|
|tsagaalga (Mongolia)||curd rice with raisin|
|tteokguk (S. Korea)||rice cake soup|
|yusheng (Malaysia, Singapore)||raw fish salad with shreds of pickled vegetables|
This is the Year of the Rabbit.
The Chinese zodiac sign rabbit dominates the Lunar New Year 2023. They are the people born in these years:
- 1939, 1951, 1963
- 1975, 1987, 1999
- 2011, 2023
They include Hollywood stars like Angelina Jolie and ex-husband Brad Pitt, Johnny Depp, and Kate Winslet; designer Ralph Lauren; and superstar athletes Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and David Beckham.
In a Seventeen interview, as reported by CNET, Dottie Li, a cross-cultural communications strategist, shared what people could anticipate this 2023:
Because of the rabbit’s characteristics, we can expect relaxation, fluidity, quietness, and contemplation.
- Dottie Li
This Lunar New Year 2023, avoid getting jealous and entertaining too many pessimistic thoughts.
The Lunar New Year fundamentally denotes the beginning of new life and a renewed appreciation of family ties.
Aside from the belief that red can drive back the evil nian, for the Chinese, this color stands for happiness, prosperity, and good fortune.
The colors to be avoided are black and white because they are typically worn on wakes and funerals.
It looks like technology will always find its way to century-old traditions, not even sparing the ones observed during the Lunar New Year.
For example, those Chinese who were unable to give red envelopes personally did it electronically via WeChat, China’s own instant messaging platform, which also works as a mobile payment app.
Indeed, not even distance can stop people from celebrating the Lunar New Year - and sending good luck money to the little ones.