The Washington Independent
The Washington Independent
Know More about Sleep Apnea

Know More about Sleep Apnea

January 22, 2021 | Mariella Blankenship

Table of Contents

  • Causes of Sleep Apnea
  • Symptoms and Effects

Sleep Apnea is usually observed when breathing is interrupted for some time during sleep. This form of apnea lasts for a few seconds to minutes. Breathing comes back to normal with a coughing sound or a sharp snort.

This disease disrupts human sleep up to three or four days a week in the night. Deep and light sleep comes at the same time as breathing is stopped. This, in fact, leaves us exhausted throughout the day with a lack of sleep. Too much sleep during the day is one of the primary causes of Sleep Apnea.

Causes of Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea is triggered when the muscles of the throat are well relaxed while sleeping and does not allow the airway to be open to allow air to flow through the lungs. While awake, the airway becomes stiff and opens up allowing air to flow into the lungs.

It is also found that the majority of overweight people are affected by this apnea at most. It is usually found in males compared to females. This form of symptom is more common as you get older. Women are likely to be affected during their menopause.

Most people are unaware of the fact whether they are affected by sleep apnea or not, as it happens during sleep. It is often undiagnosed by doctors as they can't rectify the state during visiting hours. No blood tests exist for this disorder. There are two other names of Sleep Apnea. One is the Sleep-disordered breathing and the other is Cheyne-Stokes breathing.

Symptoms and Effects

Sleep apnea is likely to stick to people who have limited airways in their mouths, throats, or noses. It occurs in young children as they have tonsil tissues in their throats in a swollen state. Some risk factors include high blood pressure and smoking.

The most common symptom is continual snoring and it may also have pauses followed by gasping or choking. This snoring problem doesn't incur on all nights and the modulation differs at different postures of sleep.

While at sleep this gasping happens and judging becomes severe to understand the situation. Only the family members or the partner would notice such problems, while the affected person does it. It is not meant that all snoring people have sleep apnea. Other symptoms of sleep apnea are morning headaches, irritation, depression, changes in personality, lack of concentration in learning or memory problems, frequent urination at night, and dry throat while waking up.

In the case of children, it causes hyperactivity, aggressiveness, and poor school performance. They have strange sleeping positions, breathing through mouths rather than noses and bedwetting. A perfect way to test sleep apnea is the sleep study, which has the tendency to capture the problems in breathing while at sleep. It is often made in a sleep lab or a sleep center which forms a part of the hospital. The patients need to stay overnight in such a center. To get quick relief, one has to change his or her lifestyle, for example, avoiding alcohol, smoking, losing weight, etc. Treatments improvise health and increase the quality of sleep.

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