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Kidney Stones - Treatment Options For Managing And Removing


Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and salts that accumulate in the organ. Kidney stones may be brought on by many different things, including a poor diet, being overweight, having a medical condition, or using certain supplements or drugs.

Kidney stones are very painful to pass, but if diagnosed and treated quickly, they seldom cause lasting harm. Bladder and kidneys are only two of the urinary organs that might be affected by kidney stones. To clear a kidney stone, some individuals only need to take some painkillers and drink a lot of water.

Stones in the kidneys are a frequent and painful urological ailment that has plagued humans for a long time. One-fifth of men and one-tenth of women may have kidney stones throughout their lifetimes, according to a poll conducted by the National Kidney Foundation.

In the warmer months, kidney stones are prevalent. Professionals in the software industry who spend long hours in front of computers should be concerned since their low water consumption and sedentary lifestyles increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

What Are Kidney Stones?

COPYRIGHT_WI: Published on https://washingtonindependent.com/kidney-stones/ by Rian Mcconnell on 2023-01-25T11:39:16.615Z

Stones in the kidneys are hard deposits of minerals and salts that accumulate in the organ. Calcium oxalate, uric acid, struvite, and cystine are the four most common causes of kidney stones.

Shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and nephrolithotomy are all viable options for eliminating a kidney stone. Extreme lower back pain, blood in the urine, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and murky or odorous urine are among symptoms that you may experience.

Dissolved in urine are a wide variety of trash products. Crystals arise when there is an excessive amount of waste in a deficient amount of liquid. In the absence of elimination through urination, the crystals will continue to grow and accumulate in the body.

The body's master chemist, the kidney, typically excretes these substances in the form of urine. Most individuals can prevent kidney stones from developing because drinking enough of fluids flushes them away. Calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate are the stone-forming compounds.

The produced stone may remain in the kidney or pass into the ureter farther along the urinary stream. It is possible for little stones to pass through the urinary tract without causing significant discomfort. A buildup of urine in the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra may be caused by stones that refuse to pass. This is the root of the discomfort.

Kidney stones may be brought on by many different things, including a poor diet, being overweight, having a medical condition, or using certain supplements or drugs.

Kidney stones are very painful to pass, but if diagnosed and treated quickly, they seldom cause lasting harm. Bladder and kidneys are only two of the urinary organs that might be affected by kidney stones. To clear a kidney stone, some individuals only need to take some painkillers and drink a lot of water.

Kidney stone diagnosis, signs, symptoms, and causes | National Kidney Foundation

Types Of Kidney Stones

Types of kidney stone include:

  • Calcium stones: The majority of kidney stones are composed of calcium, often in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a chemical that is either produced daily by the liver or absorbed from the food. Certain fruits and vegetables, in addition to nuts and chocolate, are rich in oxalate. Several metabolic diseases and dietary variables may raise the concentration of calcium or oxalate in the urine. Calcium stones might also manifest as calcium phosphate. This sort of stone is more prevalent in metabolic disorders such renal tubular acidosis. It may also be connected with some migraine or seizure drugs, such as topiramate (Topamax, Trokendi XR, Qudexy XR).
  • Struvite stones: Struvite stones occur in reaction to an infection of the urinary system. These stones may develop rapidly and become very big, often with minimal symptoms or warning signs.
  • Uric acid stones: People who lose too much fluid due to chronic diarrhea or malabsorption, those who consume a high-protein diet, and those with diabetes or metabolic syndrome might develop uric acid stones. Certain hereditary variables may also enhance the likelihood of developing uric acid stones.
  • Cystine crystals: People with cystinuria, an inherited condition that causes the kidneys to discharge an amino acid in excess, develop these stones.

Causes Of Kidney Stones

People between the ages of 20 and 50 are most prone to get kidney stones.

Several factors might increase the likelihood of acquiring a kidney stone. In the United States, white individuals are more prone than Black people to have kidney stones.

In addition, sexuality has a role. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), more men than women suffer kidney stones.

A kidney stone history might increase your risk. Likewise, a family history of kidney stones increases the risk.

Additional risk elements include:

  • Dehydration obesity a high-protein, high-salt, or high-sugar diet
  • Hyperparathyroid disease
  • A gastric bypass procedure
  • Inflammatory bowel illnesses that enhance calcium absorption when using treatments such triamterene diuretics, anticonvulsants, and calcium-based antacids.

Treatment Of Kidney Stones

The procedure varies from stone to stone. Stones may be extracted from strained urine and analyzed. Urine output may be improved by drinking six to eight glasses of water daily. Intravenous fluid therapy may be necessary for those who are very dehydrated or experiencing severe vomiting and nausea. Alternate methods of therapy include:

Medication: Pain management may need narcotic drugs from a reliable source. The presence of infection necessitates the use of antibiotics. Allopurinol (Zyloprim), thiazide diuretics, sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate, phosphorus solutions, ibuprofen (Advil), acetaminophen (Tylenol), and naproxen sodium are examples of additional drugs (Aleve).

Lithotripsy: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy utilizes sound waves to break up big stones so they may flow through the ureters and into the bladder with more ease. This technique may be unpleasant and may need mild anaesthetic from a reliable source. It may result in bruises on the abdomen and back, as well as bleeding around the kidney and other organs.

Tunnel surgery (percutaneous nephrolithotomy): A surgeon removes the stones via a tiny incision in the patient's back. This operation may be necessary if the stone causes blockage and infection, is hurting the kidneys, has gotten too big to pass, or if the discomfort cannot be controlled.

Ureteroscopy: When a stone becomes lodged in the ureter or bladder, your physician may use a ureteroscope to remove it. A short camera-equipped cable is introduced into the urethra and advanced into the bladder. The physician then uses a tiny cage to capture and remove the stone. The stone is subsequently sent to a laboratory for examination.

Pain management: Passing a kidney stone may cause discomfort and suffering. To alleviate symptoms, your doctor may advise you to use an over-the-counter pain treatment, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Your doctor may also prescribe a narcotic or inject an anti-inflammatory medicine, such as ketorolac, for extreme pain (Toradol).

Other natural therapies, such as having a hot bath or shower or using a heating pad to the afflicted region, may give short-term symptom alleviation.

Homeopathy Treatment For Kidney Stones

Homeopathic treatments for kidney stones alleviate pain and suffering efficiently. It aids in the dissolution and elimination of stones via the urine. Large kidney stones are dissolved with homeopathic treatment for stones. Homeopathy for kidney stones also aids in the removal of stones without the need of unpleasant or intrusive methods.

Homeopathic therapy is risk-free, all-natural, and devoid of adverse effects. It is administered according to the patient's symptoms and the notion of individualization. Homeopathic remedies alleviate pain and suffering and dissolve and eliminate kidney stones via the urine. Additionally, it effectively prevents the recurrence of kidney stones.

  • If you have symptoms such as Renal colic, bladder stone, and bloody urine, your homeopath may give Sarsaparilla for kidney stones. Pee that is bright and clear yet unpleasant; urine that is sparse, slimy, flaky, and sandy.
  • Nux vomica for kidney stones is suggested when renal colic is caused by a stone in the ureter.
  • Cantharis is prescribed by homeopaths for symptoms such as persistent and unpleasant urges to pee, burning urine, etc.
  • Berberis vulgaris is indicated for patients with symptoms such as blood-red urine, brilliant red sediment in the urine, and so on.

People Also Ask

What Is A Ureteral Stone?

Stones may develop in the kidney. It is possible for kidney stones to go down the ureter. Ureters are ducts that connect the kidneys to the bladder. A ureteral stone is one that has passed through the kidney but has become lodged in the ureter.

What Happens If You Have Kidney Stones?

Bleeding around the kidney and other surrounding organs is a common complication. Through a tiny incision in the patient's back, a surgeon will remove the stones during tunnel surgery. This operation may be required if the stone is causing an obstruction, infection, or harm to the kidneys.

What Is The Treatment For Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones may be treated in a number of ways, each tailored to the specific stone and underlying condition. Most kidney stones are too tiny to warrant invasive treatment. In certain cases, ingesting water might help you get through the passage of a tiny stone. Keep your pee diluted and maybe avoid stones by drinking as much as 2 to 3 quarts (1.8 to 3.6 liters) every day.

What Is The Most Common Type Of Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones are formed when calcium mixes with oxalate in the urine. Their development may be aided by insufficient calcium and hydration consumption, among other factors. One more prevalent kind of kidney stone is made up of uric acid.

Final Words

Chronic renal disease is more likely to occur in those who have had kidney stones. If you've had a stone before, you're more likely to have another one. If you've had one stone, you've got around a 50% chance of getting another one within the next 7 years.

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About The Authors

Rian Mcconnell

Rian Mcconnell - Rian is a Villanova University graduate who was born in DuBois, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia with a medical degree. His residency was at Thomas Jefferson and its associated Wills Eye Hospital, and he finished his education with fellowships in cataract and corneal surgery at the University of Connecticut. He has a vast experience in ophthalmic surgery, with a focus on cataract surgery, corneal transplantation, and laser refractive procedures. He serves on the board of Vision Health International, an agency that provides eye care and surgery to indigent patients in Central and South America, in addition to his surgical practice.

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