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Japan Renaming Dementia into Cognitive Disorder

Japan Renaming Dementia into Cognitive Disorder

January 13, 2021 | Iram Martins

Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare officially submitted a report to rename "dementia" to "cognitive disorder". The study believes that terms such as "dementia" will cause significant harm to associated patients, particularly elderly patients, and will give people the wrong idea that "these patients don't know anything" which causes a feeling of horror and shame. The sensation has caused obstacles to the discovery and treatment of the disease.

 According to statistics from the Ministry of Health and Welfare, there are currently 1.5 million patients with "dementia" in Japan, and the opinion that other words should be used instead of "dementia" has also appeared in Japan for several years.

In June 2004, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Welfare formed a study group to replace the word "dementia" Experts agree that the so-called "dementia" is simply a deterioration in the thinking and physical ability of average people. It is not fitting to call this name, and there is a temptation to use the term "dementia" indiscriminately.

The research committee began collecting opinions across the country in September 2004. The final results of the solicitation of opinions according to the number of votes are: "Memory Disorder", "Dementia", "Amnesia", " memory disorder", etc. "Cognitive disorder" has been used in psychiatry, so replacing "dementia" with "cognitive disorder" may cause confusion. Therefore, the research committee finally decided to replace "dementia" with "cognitive disorder" ".

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