The Washington Independent
The Washington Independent

Explore the Celtic Nations

Explore the Celtic Nations

Discover and learn more about the Celtic nations.

Elyse Woods
CultureTravel
Last updated: Mar 15, 2021 | Mar 05, 2010

Table of Contents

The Celts, part of the memory of Europe

The history books had reduced the Celts to gentle barbarians crushed for their good by the Roman legions. The reality is different, they were the most powerful people in Europe, whose territories stretched from the Black Sea to Ireland. Precursors of non-figurative art, they were the first to work with iron, when the Greeks and Romans still used bronze. They developed all the basic tools used until recent mechanization.

Thousands of our rivers, our valleys, our towns, have kept Celtic names starting with "Paris" that the Romans wanted to call "Lutetia". Tristan and Iseult, King Arthur, Merlin, the Knights of the Round Table, still belong to the cultural imagination of much of the world. "Halloween", the new year of the Celts, emerges again and these inventive, courageous and sometimes rip-off ancestors, who were believed to be suffocated by history, appear again in our memory.

Asturias

Autonomous principality in the north-west of Spain, with a maritime opening of 320 km between Galicia and the Cantabrian mountain range, Asturias has a little over a million inhabitants. A country of green mountains, one would say it was forged by "the almost mystical fury of the Cantabrian Sea and the magical serenity of its mountains". Its famous European peaks culminate at 2,600 meters. Cradle of the Asturian pre-Romanesque classified "heritage of humanity", Oviedo is the capital of this principality. It is changing after a long period of mining industrialization. Gijon, with a port opening, is the most populous city. Asturian, the Romance language, is known by 60% and spoken by 30% of the population.

For thirty-five years a strong movement of linguistic reappropriation has developed. Asturian thus has its place in certain media and 30,000 people study it. A documentation center for traditional music is now in place at the People's Museum of Asturias.

Cornwall

Cornwall

Cornwall, the capital of Truro, is a county of 400,000 people at the southwestern tip of Great Britain. Bathed by the Golf Stream, it is the British Riviera. From the same Breton branch as the Breton and the Welsh, the Cornish is miraculous.

Disappeared at the end of the 18th century, found thanks to writings from the Middle Ages, rebuilt, it is experiencing a strong revival in evening classes. New groups are participating in the current renewal of their musical heritage.

Scotland

In the far north of Great Britain, Scotland evokes the Highlands, good whiskey, the kilt (the design and color of which designate the clan), the bagpipe, games as unusual as the throwing of the trunk of tree, rugby, the Loch Ness monster, the thistle, or even the cross of Saint Andrew. Scotland, homeland of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is a bit of all this at the same time, linked in a strong identity and dizzying! All these elements together, however heterogeneous they may seem, are reflected in the Scottish musical universe that we will have the opportunity to (re) discover. Scotland (Kingdom of the Scots, in English), and Alba in Gaelic, this territory which can appear austere at first glance; quickly turns out to be an inexhaustible source of discoveries and adventures; meetings with a population, a history, a heritage, a rich identity; whose music is only the best ambassador.

Scotland gladly offers itself to anyone who wants to discover it. Between Edinburgh, Glasgow and even Aberdeen, the Scots have managed to cultivate a heritage that is both precious and heavy to bear by constantly renewing it. Even today, at the time of Europe, united within the Interceltic dynamic, many new perspectives are emerging on the horizon.

Ready to bounce back, to seize opportunities, Scotland is more fashionable than ever. Its own identity associated with the interceltic and the potential for openness, far from presenting contradictions are certainly signs of dynamism, creativity and a promising future. Gaelic is experiencing a clear revival, for example, thanks to a strong political will. which results in the opening of schools and radio and television channels in Gaelic.

Brittany

Brittany

Breton or Brezhoneg and Gallo are not languages ​​in a state of lethargy, assisted in order to survive. On the contrary, Breton culture as a whole has an existence rooted in the present and open to the future. The Lorient Interceltic Festival and the festoù noz , among others, have kept Breton culture dynamic.

In the past Armorica was populated by Celtic tribes who left their names to several cities (Vénètes in Vannes, Redones in Redon, Namnètes in Nantes…). The Bretons of Great Britain driven out by the Angles and the Saxons then come to settle in Armorica in great numbers and give a name to their new country. They bring Irish Catholicism and form parishes (plou), hermitages (loc), abbeys (lan), still present in Breton toponymy.

After beating Charles the Bald, Brittany assures its independence until the 16th century and keeps a Parliament until the French Revolution. Its Breton name, Breizh (without article. Pronounce "brè-iz"), is spelled with "ZH" to synthesize the old writing existing for the North and West ( Breiz ) with that of the South ( Breih ). " Breizh " is commonly abbreviated as BZH. In Gallo, his name is Bertaèyn.

Finally, Brittany is characterized by emblems. Its flag first, the Gwenn ha Du "White and Black"; the triskel (or triskell), ancient and polysemantic three-branched symbol (probably symbolizing divine triads, a sun wheel or the primary elements: water, air and earth); His motto: Kentoc'h mervel eget bezañ saotret in Breton "rather death than defilement".

Galicia

Located in the North West of Spain, between Portugal and Asturias, Galicia is an autonomous province of 3 million inhabitants. Its capital is Santiago de Compostela and the main cities are Vigo, La Coruña, Ourense and Lugo.

The first Galician city is said to be Buenos Aires. Emigration was very important to Argentina. The Argentines thus nickname the Spaniards: "the Galicians" . Undulating and green, Galicia is reminiscent of Brittany, more particularly in its coastal zone whose rias (between fishing, aquaculture and tourism) evoke its abers and sinkholes.

The Celtic language was lost under Roman occupation but left traces in some place names. On the other hand, the Romance language, quite close to Portuguese, survived after a certain number of avatars and movements in its defense. Galician is today, along with Castilian, an official language. Its study is also compulsory at all levels of education. For Galicia, isolated in the Spanish “Finistère”, the famous pilgrimage route to Saint Jacques de Compostela was a first opening to the world.

Isle of man

Located in the Irish Sea, the Isle of Man on its 570 km has 60,000 inhabitants, half of them in the seaside resort Douglas. This autonomous tax haven inherited from the Vikings the oldest parliament in the world.

It has been operating for over a thousand years on Tynwald Hill. The panorama could recall Scotland through its winding roads and its slightly softer landscapes. The Isle of Man is famous for its motorcycle races, tailless cats, four-horned rams, and horse-drawn tram. Manx music has been brought up to date and developed by young groups.

Ireland

Ireland

Ireland (Eire in Gaelic), west of the British archipelago, has four and a half million inhabitants, three quarters of whom live in the South, in the Independent Republic (capital Dublin), while in the North , Ulster (capital Belfast) is part of the United Kingdom.

The guns fell silent in Ulster, suggesting a solution to the long conflict between the Catholic and Protestant communities. Now, well known for the originality of its landscapes of a typically Irish green and a lifestyle preserved by insularity, Ireland holds a special place in the hearts of the Celts, who celebrate Saint Patrick as their symbolic patron. An island of peat and gorse, of "whiskeys", of pints and of pubs, Ireland has defended its culture tooth and nail.

Gaelic is learned by a million young people and is spoken by 200,000 Irish. Music is second nature.

Wales

Located in the west of Great Britain, Wales has three million inhabitants. It lost its Parliament in the 16th century, was attached to England for 4 centuries and has just regained its autonomy by referendum. It is now administered by a “National Assembly”.

Cardiff (300,000 inhabitants) is the young capital of this country which experienced strong prosperity in the industrial age. A wealth that is reflected in many of its buildings.

For more than seven centuries, sumptuous fortresses, due to the Anglo-Normans, bear the scars of their ceaseless struggles against the Welsh. Wales has an exceptionally unspoiled landscape in three national parks.

The fight for the survival of the Welsh language (from the same Breton branch as the Breton) is actively waged. All studies can be done in Welsh, which is compulsory in primary school. One television channel is exclusively Welsh and the BBC is bilingual.

Celtic "friendly" nations

Australia

Australia, the world's largest island continent, is located in the southern hemisphere between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of a federation of states and territories, the capital of which is Canberra.

Its 37,000 km of coastline and its great barrier reef offer exceptional landscapes. Millions of visitors come to discover them every year. Its history is also fascinating. His Celtic roots are closely linked to his past as a penal colony, but they have since evolved a lot, until today they have found a real identity in what is commonly called the music of the "Bush". This traditional music, which for a long time was the only entertainment for prisoners, and later for pioneers, tells the moving story of this people, whose accent, sometimes very pronounced, is sometimes reminiscent of Irish influences.

Acadia

This first French colony in America was established as early as 1604 on the soil of what is known today as New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Maine.

After some difficult winters, France chose to concentrate its efforts on the development of Canada (now Quebec) and Acadia became definitively British in 1713. The English expelled the Acadians from their lands from 1755; it is "the Grand Dérangement". Some find themselves scattered in the Anglo-American colonies, in England and in France while others are welcomed in Louisiana, then Spanish, and will become by a bad pronunciation of the English speakers of the "Cajuns".

Yet many Acadians still live in the provinces of Atlantic Canada and contribute to the development of the French language. There are over 300,000 Francophones, more than two-thirds of whom live in present-day New Brunswick, in the north and along the east coast. Other communities are found in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. Today, there are an estimated three million people of Acadian descent across the world.

Elyse Woods | As a product marketing manager, I've had the opportunity to help a variety of companies improve their sales margins and audience reaction to new products. Since I am passionate about product perception, marketing, and company statistics, I have brought commitment and positive results to the companies with which I have worked. What makes a product successful fascinates and inspires me.

Related

Lima News: A Great Source For Local News Coverage

Lima, Ohio was the home of the Lima News newspaper. For the years 1898-99, 1912, and 1919-77, this database contains a fully searchable text version of the newspaper. A computer-generated index may be used to browse or search for newspapers.

Dogs Playing Poker: Background Of The World Most Poker’s Fascinating Paintings

It's not well known, but Cassius Marcellus Coolidge's picture of Dogs Playing Poker really relates to 18 other paintings! The series comprises the artist's original Poker Game (1894) picture, as well as 16 more oil paintings commissioned by Brown & Bigelow to promote cigars in 1903, and further work from 1910.

Upswing Poker Lab: Learn Everything You Need To Know In One Place About Poker

The majority of poker courses concentrate on a specific aspect of the game, such as cash games, tournaments, or live play in general. Rarely do we come across a course that provides comprehensive knowledge in all areas.

13 Top Iconic Scenes From Liar's Poker: A Book By Michael Lewis

Liar's Poker: Rising Through the Wreckage on Wall Street, which is both a juvenile memoir and a journalistic look at the inner workings of Salomon Brothers, a Wall Street firm that grew fat trading bonds and then collapsed and burned, launched Michael Lewis' successful career as an author.

World Top 16 Poker Books 2021: Best Books For Build Winning Strategy, Continuous Learning And Improvement Of Your Poker Game

I've compiled a list of the greatest poker books, which cover a variety of topics and aspects of the game, including arithmetic, specialized tactics, psychology, poker software, and even poker players' lifestyle advice.

Top 6 Poker Chip Value: Creating The Perfect Stacks Guide With Tips To Avoid Costly Mistakes

Poker is made up of three basic components: players, cards, and a set of poker chips. While players and cards have always been important to the game, the introduction of chips was a game-changer since it standardized the game and made it much simpler to spread.

Top 10 Poker Movies Of All-Time You Must See

It should come as no surprise that numerous movies about poker exist, with both excellent and poor execution, but I'd want to focus on the greatest poker movies that have ever been shown on television.

Most Important 35 Poker Terms: Uncommon Poker Terms That You Should Know

This dictionary of popular poker vocabulary will assist you in locating the most commonly used poker phrases as well as certain slang words that are prevalent in poker games.

Kake News: Latest Trending And Most Powerful Name In Kansas News

KAKE News is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Wichita, Kansas, and also serves Hutchinson on virtual and VHF digital channel 10. Lockwood Broadcast Group owns the station.

Midland Daily News Of The Week: Midland, Michigan Local Newspaper

This daily newspaper covers Midland County, Michigan, and was founded in 1890 by William Clemens. The paper's headquarters are situated at 219 East Main Street in downtown Midland, and it is extensively distributed across Midland County and the surrounding area.

Sidney Daily News: An American Newspaper Providing News, Sports, Obituaries, Classifieds And More

The Shelby County Democrat, the newspaper's previous sister weekly publication, originally started publishing on January 1, 1849, in Sidney, Tennessee. The Shelby County Democrat's history as a daily newspaper goes back to 1891. (as the Shelby Democrat).

© Copyright 2021 The Washington Independent All Rights Reserved

Terms & Privacy | twi.news@washingtonindependent.com