3. Janet Napolitano
Homeland Security Secretary Napolitano came to Washington from Arizona, where she served as attorney general and governor and was politically aligned with “Sheriff Joe” (see 2. Joe Arpaio). Eager to dispel Republican claims that Democrats would be soft on crime, terrorists and illegal aliens, Napolitano has made cracking down on illegal aliens a hallmark of her tenure as chief immigration enforcement official. In 2009, Napolitano expanded the controversial 287(g) program deputizing local law enforcement to enforce federal immigration laws. The expansion was much to the chagrin of immigrants’ advocates and even many police chiefs, who complained the program stoked immigrants’ fears and undermined their willingness to cooperate with local police. Napolitano also expanded the Secure Communities program, which collects fingerprints of anyone jailed locally and transmits them to DHS. The agency anticipates the program will lead to tens of thousands more deportations in 2010.