U.S. Hispanic population becoming more diverse
A Pew Hispanic Center report about the country-of-origin of Hispanics in 30 U.S. metropolitan areas indicates that Hispanics of Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban origin or descent remain the nation’s three largest Hispanic groups, but diversity within the Latino community is increasing.
Over the last decade, people of Salvadoran origin, the fourth largest Hispanic country-of-origin group, grew by 152 percent, the Dominican population grew by 85 percent, the Guatemalan population by 180 percent and the Colombian population by 93 percent since 2000. Meanwhile, the Cuban and Puerto Rican populations grew 44 and 36 percent, respectively.
More than 1.5 million Hispanics call Miami home — about half of them Cubans, while Nicaraguans and Colombians are the second and third largest Latino groups, respectively.
The report indicates that in Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Pompano Beach there are over 430,000 Hispanics. About half of these residents are Cubans, Puerto Ricans and Colombians. In Orlando, there are almost 500,000 Hispanics, and Tampa-St. Petersburg is home to over 415,000 Hispanics.
In the New York-Northeastern New Jersey metropolitan area, 29.4 percent of Hispanics are of Puerto Rican origin and 19.7 percent are of Dominican origin. In the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, Salvadorans are the largest group, comprising one-third of the area’s Hispanics.
Mexicans, meanwhile, are the dominant Hispanic group in metropolitan areas in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, as well as in Chicago and Atlanta.
The data for this report are derived from the 2010 U.S. Census and from the 2009 American Community Survey.