Report Details Origins of Bush-Era Interrogation Policies

By
Tuesday, April 21, 2009 at 10:00 pm
President George W. Bush (WDCpix)

President George W. Bush (WDCpix)

A wealth of new details emerged Tuesday about how techniques designed to help captured U.S. troops resist torture formed the basis for the post-9/11 interrogation policies of the Bush-era Pentagon.

Instructors of those techniques proved to be eager in 2002 and 2003 to disseminate them to an emerging crop of inexperienced military interrogators facing the prospect of wresting information out of new captives. “I believe our niche lies in the fact that we can provide the ability to exploit personnel based on how our enemies have done this type of thing over the last five decades,” said Joseph Witsch, an instructor for the Joint Personnel Recovery Agency (JPRA), a component of U.S. Joint Forces Command that oversees the so-called Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Evasion (SERE) program for U.S. special forces, during a 2002 training session for U.S. military interrogators, according to a newly released report.

Illustration by: Matt Mahurin

Illustration by: Matt Mahurin

Details like these came to light when an unclassified version of a Senate Armed Services Committee report on the Pentagon’s treatment of detainees in the war on terrorism (pdf) was made public late Tuesday. An unclassified executive summary of the report, released in December, gave the outlines of the narrative, an account of how extreme interrogation techniques never before considered legal for U.S. personnel to apply became widespread within the military. But the full extent of the story was unclear from the 21-page summary of the 200-page report.

JPRA, a previously obscure outpost inside the military command responsible for making the U.S. military services fight as a single entity, first emerged last year in committee hearings as a key element in the United States’ embrace of physical interrogation methods. Responsible for overseeing the SERE program around the military services, in which instructors in very controlled conditions teach U.S. troops how to endure and resist torture in enemy captivity. Such techniques, used by the Chinese and North Korean communist regimes, include waterboarding, sleep deprivation, and forced exposure to extremes of temperature — all of which were recommended by JPRA and SERE officials to U.S. interrogators.

Instructors in the SERE program and their overseers in JPRA are not trained interrogators. Before 9/11, SERE and JPRA never focused on applying their resistance training to interrogate captured enemies. “SERE instructors are not selected for their roles based on language skills, intelligence training, or expertise in eliciting information,” the committee report specifies.

Yet after 9/11, with President Bush’s declaration that the Geneva Conventions would not apply to al-Qaeda and Taliban captives, the Pentagon’s then-general counsel, Jim Haynes, began asking JPRA how SERE’s expertise could assist U.S. interrogators, a relatively small U.S. military cohort. JPRA officials, eager to help with U.S. military efforts against al-Qaeda, sought to help with minimal prompting. Col. John “Randy” Moulton proposed in February 2002 that JPRA send a team to the newly established detention and interrogation facility to create a “short course” about “interrogation from the resistance side.” It would be the first of several such courses developed throughout 2002 and 2003, in which JPRA and its SERE “resistance” experts helped U.S. military and, in some cases, CIA interrogators, “reverse-engineer” SERE procedures for use on detainees in Guantanamo Bay, Afghanistan, Iraq and, perhaps, the network of CIA secret prisons where the agency held “high-value” al-Qaeda captives.

A key figure is a SERE psychologist named Bruce Jessen. The chief psychologist frequently advised officials at Guantanamo Bay and the emerging cadre of U.S. interrogators in techniques designed to break U.S. soldiers. In April 2002, he created a Guantanamo Bay “exploitation draft plan” to provide SERE training to Guantanamo interrogators under his direction. He proposed the creation of an “exploitation facility” at Guantanamo that would be “off limits to non-essential personnel,” such as the press, the International Committee of the Red Cross, or foreign observers. He advised that “the “the only restricting factor” on what techniques interrogators ought to be permitted to employ “should be the Torture Convention,” though he defended the use of physical force in interrogations. He repeated that message to interrogators and Guantanamo officials throughout 2002.

The influence of Jessen and SERE was not limited to military interrogations. In July 2002, the Senate report discloses, he was sent to “another government agency” to offer advice; and a JPRA team assisted a squad from “another government agency” during the first six months of 2002 that would be “sent to interrogate a high level al Qaeda operative.” “Another government agency” is a widespread euphemism for the CIA. The month after Jessen went to advise the undisclosed agency, the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel issued a secret memorandum, disclosed last week, instructing the CIA as to what interrogation techniques it considered to fall short of statutory prohibitions on torture. It summarized what the CIA proposed for its interrogation of Abu Zubaydah, considered to be the highest-ranking al-Qaeda member in U.S. custody. “Zubaydah will have contact only with a new interrogation specialist, whom he has not met previously, and the Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape (“SERE”) training psychologist who has been involved with the interrogations since they began,” wrote Jay Bybee, the head of OLC, in an August 1, 2002 memorandum. It is unclear but likely that Jessen is the psychologist to which Bybee refers.

JPRA and SERE officials thought of themselves as a unique trove of information and training for U.S. interrogators. The report quotes one official as saying, “JPRA has the sole repository of the required skill set” for interrogating detainees, even though the FBI has interrogated criminals for over 100 years. At an interrogation training session in the summer of 2002, with Guantanamo officials present, SERE officials “drafted a memo proposing the use of physical and psychological pressures at [Guantanamo], including some pressures … that do not follow the Geneva Conventions,” according to the report.

Around that time, an aide to Pentagon chief lawyer Haynes, David Shiffrin, requested JPRA’s deputy commander to send him memoranda outlining what techniques SERE graduates had to endure. The response included “the facial slap, walling, the abdomen slap, use of water, the attention grab and stress positions.” One attached memo used the phrase “physical and/or psychological duress” interchangeably with “torture,” the report says.

By September 2002, Pentagon officials and Guantanamo interrogators had grown “frustrated” with their inability to collect as much useful intelligence from interrogations as they had expected from Guantanamo detainees, according to the report. A JPRA-sponsored training session for interrogators that month introduced the concept of exploiting “phobias” and playing off cultural sensitivities of Arabs and Muslims. JPRA instructor Joseph Witsch warned a superior, “We are out of our sphere when we begin to profess the proper ways to exploit these detainees,” but the training continued. Witsch later acknowledged to a Pentagon working group on interrogations, “The physical and psychological pressures we apply in training violate national and international laws. … I hope someone is explaining this to all these folks asking for our techniques and methodology!”

Several Pentagon officials were asking for precisely that. A “Behavioral Science Consultation Team” established at Guantanamo and in frequent contact with SERE advisers counseled a Guantanamo working group on whether the interrogators had “authorization to use interrogation approaches that had not been taught to interrogators” at the U.S. Army’s intelligence center and were not contained in its Field Manual on interrogations. One SERE adviser told the BSCT, “Bottom line: the likelihood that the use of physical pressures will increase the delivery of accurate information from a detainee is very low.” Yet the working group approved a decision — over some BSCT and SERE reservations — to recommend the use of expanded techniques on a high-value detainee named Mohammed al-Qatani that were “influenced by SERE,” according to the report.

That request went up through the chain of command in October, ultimately reaching Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld in December 2002. The report documents Haynes’ ability to stop a review of the techniques’ legality by a legal adviser to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, after representatives of the uniformed military made it clear that they considered the techniques to be illegal. As has been documented in numerous Pentagon inquiries stretching back to 2004, Rumsfeld ultimately recommended in April 2003 the use of several extreme interrogation techniques, including stress positions, dietary manipulation, “long time standing” and other techniques that are now revealed to have originated from SERE. Similarly, while Rumsfeld declared that those techniques were applicable only to “military and civilian interrogators assigned to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,” the extreme pressure for intelligence in Iraq later that year sent Guantanamo Bay’s commander, Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Miller, to Iraq, where he delivered a list of Guantanamo-approved techniques to the Iraq war commander, Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, with the explicit instruction to “Gitmo-ize” intelligence operations. A 2004 report by former Defense Secretary James Schlesinger found that instruction to be a central cause of the torture at the Abu Ghraib detention facility in late 2003.

The release of the Senate Armed Services Committee report comes on the heels of Thursday’s disclosure of four long-secret Justice Department documents outlining CIA interrogation techniques. Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.), chairman of the committee, explained in a statement that the two rounds of disclosure were coincidental. The Defense Department had been combing through the report since November 20 and only now approved it for release, Levin said, with some significant redactions of operational and other detail.

“The record established by the Committee’s investigation shows that senior officials sought out information on, were aware of training in, and authorized the use of abusive interrogation techniques,” Levin said. “Those senior officials bear significant responsibility for creating the legal and operational framework for the abuses. As the Committee report concluded, authorizations of aggressive interrogation techniques by senior officials resulted in abuse and conveyed the message that physical pressures and degradation were appropriate treatment for detainees in U.S. military custody.”

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Comments

118 Comments

linkfeedr » Blog Archive » links for 2009-04-22 - RSS Indexer (beta)
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 5:30 am

[...] on Grasping Reality with Both Hands. Click here to visit the full article on the original website. Spencer Ackerman: Report Details Origins of Bush-Era Interrogation Policies Dan Froomkin: Obama Acts the Sphinx – Obama Lets Loose the Hounds David Weigel: Civil War Raging [...]


Splendid One
Comment posted April 22, 2009 @ 6:05 am

“The physical and psychological pressures we apply in training violate national and international laws. … I hope someone is explaining this to all these folks asking for our techniques and methodology!”

One SERE adviser told the BSCT, “Bottom line: the likelihood that the use of physical pressures will increase the delivery of accurate information from a detainee is very low.”

To paraphrase: It's illegal and probably won't work.

In it's war to injure the West, Al-Quaeda got “lucky” twice: Once on 9/11 and again when we tortured. In the long run, the latter did more damage to who we are.


TheTradingReport » Blog Archive » links for 2009-04-22
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 7:58 am

[...] Spencer Ackerman: Report Details Origins of Bush-Era Interrogation Policies [...]


Matthew Yglesias » Exploring the Bush Torture Regime’s SERE Origins
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 11:26 am

[...] Ackerman has an excellent article on the findings of a Senate Armed Services Committee inquiry into interrogation policy, exploring the torture system’s origins in the Joint Personnel [...]


Zev Mo Bloggin’ » Blog Archive » Report: Bush Officials Relied On Communist Torture Techniques To Press Detainees For Al Qaeda/Iraq Link
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 11:43 am

[...] Bush administration’s interrogation program was based on the U.S. military program known as Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE), which is used to train U.S. troops if they are ever tortured by an enemy that doesn’t [...]


All Spin Zone » It’s Not the Torture - Dig Deeper
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 12:29 pm

[...] cross the line to torture. In fact, the report (and analysis of the report here, here, here, and here) lays out what appears to be a compelling case for immediately convening a war crimes tribunal. Yet [...]


Bush Administration Used Torture to Not Find Links between 9/11 and Iraq « Yes, Let’s Talk About This
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 2:10 pm

[...] some good reporting on the issue, check out Spencer Ackerman here. Tagged with: bush, al qaeda, torture, 9/11, cheney no comments yet « Intelligence [...]


American Street » Blog Archive » They Tell Us That Torture Works
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 3:35 pm

[...] that, it wasn’t justified when it was used to connect al Quaeda to Iraq to justify the impending invasion. Rumsfeld and Cheney’s wild goose chase has been a bonanza [...]


Private memo says interrogation methods helped nation in terrorism fight - Politics and Other Controversies - Page 3 - City-Data Forum
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 5:26 pm

[...] is explaining this to all these folks asking for our techniques and methodology!


They Tell Us That Torture Works | E Pluribus Unum
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 6:53 pm

[...] that, it wasn’t justified when it was used to connect al Quaeda to Iraq to justify the impending invasion. Rumsfeld and Cheney’s wild goose chase has been a bonanza [...]


We close our eyes to torture by our government. The Brits are stronger. « Fabius Maximus
Pingback posted April 22, 2009 @ 7:46 pm

[...] “Report Details Origins of Bush-Era Interrogation Policies“, Spencer Ackerman, Washington Independent, 21 April 2009 — “Senate Armed Services Document Outlines How Pentagon Used Torture Resistance Training in Interrogations” [...]


Robert
Comment posted April 23, 2009 @ 10:52 am

This torture administration has set America back decades. We are no longer the country we were before. It is a shame to our veterans of all the wars before.
Start the trials. Let us cut the cancer from within.


Oh my
Comment posted April 23, 2009 @ 11:57 am

“Similarly, while Rumsfeld declared that those techniques were applicable only to “military and civilian interrogators assigned to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,” the extreme pressure for intelligence in Iraq later that year sent Guantanamo Bay’s commander, Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Miller, to Iraq, where he delivered a list of Guantanamo-approved techniques to the Iraq war commander, Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, with the explicit instruction to “Gitmo-ize” intelligence operations. A 2004 report by former Defense Secretary James Schlesinger found that instruction to be a central cause of the torture at the Abu Ghraib detention facility in late 2003.”

Didn't we hear this as the defense at the Courts Martial for some of the soldiers? Was not this denied by Rummy? Wonder what, if anything, will happen now! Good job, Rummy. Hope you get a Court Martial of sorts yourself!


linkfeedr » Blog Archive » Liz Cheney Claims Waterboading Isn’t Torture Because Similar Tactics Were Used In SERE Training - RSS Indexer (beta)
Pingback posted April 23, 2009 @ 6:51 pm

[...] common conservative argument that the techniques were derived from special forces training called Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Evasion (SERE):O’DONNELL: Well Liz, we’ll get to that argument in a minute, about whether the means justify the [...]


Ensign Calls Senate Armed Services Committee Report A ‘Democrat Partisan’ Document | No Bull. news service.
Pingback posted April 24, 2009 @ 12:23 am

[...] Bush administration’s interrogation program was based on the U.S. military program known as Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE), which is used to train U.S. troops if they are ever tortured by an enemy that doesn’t [...]


Liz Cheney Claims Waterboading Isn’t Torture Because Similar Tactics Were Used In SERE Training | No Bull. news service.
Pingback posted April 24, 2009 @ 12:24 am

[...] common conservative argument that the techniques were derived from special forces training called Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Evasion (SERE): O’DONNELL: Well Liz, we’ll get to that argument in a minute, about whether the means [...]


Analiese’s Reading 4/28 | Quiche Moraine
Pingback posted April 28, 2009 @ 6:36 am

[...] The Washington Independent [...]


Hawaiian style
Comment posted April 28, 2009 @ 1:24 pm

We are a nation of laws. Not.

We designed and signed the Geneva Conventions which include the prohibition on torture and the mandatory investigation and prosecution of those that do. We have tortured and we have not followed the international law, our domestic law and our moral law, law that we agreed to follow.

No man is above the law. Not.

We have the President trying to buy the cooperation of the CIA by saying that “I was just following orders”, is a defense to breaking the law. President Obama (!) is saying this is sufficient to protect the CIA folks that tortured. This was not a legal defense to “foreigners when they tried to use it” after WWII, and it is not now. And, unless the President wants to be the first President in history that pardons torturers he has no say in who and who will not be investigated and prosecuted, except from the Bully Pulpit.

We have the Attorney General that says he follows the law, but so far he has not with respect to torture. Both men have said they want to rehabilitate the Justice Department from the political abuses that occurred there in the past. The only reasons not to investigate, prosecute and punish those that tortured ARE POLITICAL!!! So…

We have politicians that would rather try to defend a political party than seek the truth, do their oversight job or defend and uphold the Constitution of the United States.

We have tortured; unreasonably tortured, one man by waterboarding him 183 times in ONE MONTH.
We spy unconstitutionally on our own citizens. We allow the past and present President to proclaim the right of domestic spying. We allowed the past President the “authority” to name a US citizen an enemy combatant and then imprison him without the right to a lawyer, habeas corpus, or a trial by his peers. A US CITIZEN!!! We have the military North Com building and planning and training how to use troops on domestic soil for civilian unrest. We have illegally rendered, a fancy word for KIDNAPPING, people to other prisons so they can be tortured out of the US. We maintain a prison at Bagram with 600 POWs that by tradition will not be tried until the “WAR” is over, but admit that we see an unending war. And the list goes on.

The horrible attack of 9/11 was cowardly, disasterous and devastating. In addition to the physical damage and the loss of life, it sucked the life out of our respect for the law. It has through our politicians damaged the Document that made us a great nation, the Constitution. It created damage and fear that took away our respect for human decency and law, and has forever changed our way of life.

If our politicians and agencies don't learn and recover from this disaster the United States will NEVER again be the respected country in the world where once, “no man is above the law; where all men are created equal; where there is liberty and justice for all.” We desperately need leaders that can take us in the right direction and quickly. We can be “popular” in the world by giving money, food and good conversation, but it will never equal how we were trusted in the world because of our commitment to equality for all men, nor will we as a people be able to look to our flag quietly waving in the breeze and silently say, “the land of the free and the home of the brave.”

To not act to restore the integrity, honor, and justice so essential and identified with this country is to betray all the heroic men and women that have fought and died in all the past wars for the United States. It belittles the ultimate sacrifice that so many patriotic Americans, and others who have courageously fought along side of us, made for freedom. It lessens the sacrifice that so many men and women made, and then ended up being buried in unmarked graves in foreign lands.

The LAST CHANCE for us to regain our status as the preeminent law abiding country in the world lies in the hands of Attorney General Holder. Will he investigate the torture problem? Will he appoint a special prosecutor? The longer this goes on the less I think so.

Attorney General Holder has in his power to prevent ever again such a disastrous blow to this country's world standing and reputation. By Investigating those that enabled, ordered and tortured he can ensure that no administration in the future will repeat the excesses and crimes of the Bush Administration. He has in his hands the opportunity to be a true American hero, one on the par nearly with the Founding Fathers. They in their genius created the Union and our Constitution, and he can courageously and singlehandedly, if he acts, restore the Union to it former position in the world.

Future generations must look at this generation and say they tortured, it was an excess, it was an aberration, and the folks that enabled, ordered and did it were punished for it.

Future generations must not look at this generation and say they did everything possible including inhumane torture and ignoring the Constitution to prevent another attack. Such a legacy would leave the United States and her future generations morally crippled and vulnerable to another similar shameful episode in our history.

In actuality I think future generations will look at the past administration and wonder how we as a people allowed so many abuses, so many infringements on our rights under the Constitution. They will look and wonder how we tortured people beyond torture, to find a fictitious connection between a dictator and terrorists. How we tortured human beings to try to justify our being a rogue nation and an aggressor in Iraq.

I hope they will not look at us and say how could a Great Nation become so bogged down that it lost its ability to see wrong from right, that it lost its ability to put the nation, her future and her people before self-interest politics.

Obama can be the greatest politician President in history, but he will never be a GREAT President until he faces the unavoidable need for him and his administration to tackle the unpopular but needed task of prosecuting those involved for our torturing of other humans.


Hawaiianstyle
Comment posted April 28, 2009 @ 8:24 pm

We are a nation of laws. Not.

We designed and signed the Geneva Conventions which include the prohibition on torture and the mandatory investigation and prosecution of those that do. We have tortured and we have not followed the international law, our domestic law and our moral law, law that we agreed to follow.

No man is above the law. Not.

We have the President trying to buy the cooperation of the CIA by saying that “I was just following orders”, is a defense to breaking the law. President Obama (!) is saying this is sufficient to protect the CIA folks that tortured. This was not a legal defense to “foreigners when they tried to use it” after WWII, and it is not now. And, unless the President wants to be the first President in history that pardons torturers he has no say in who and who will not be investigated and prosecuted, except from the Bully Pulpit.

We have the Attorney General that says he follows the law, but so far he has not with respect to torture. Both men have said they want to rehabilitate the Justice Department from the political abuses that occurred there in the past. The only reasons not to investigate, prosecute and punish those that tortured ARE POLITICAL!!! So…

We have politicians that would rather try to defend a political party than seek the truth, do their oversight job or defend and uphold the Constitution of the United States.

We have tortured; unreasonably tortured, one man by waterboarding him 183 times in ONE MONTH.
We spy unconstitutionally on our own citizens. We allow the past and present President to proclaim the right of domestic spying. We allowed the past President the “authority” to name a US citizen an enemy combatant and then imprison him without the right to a lawyer, habeas corpus, or a trial by his peers. A US CITIZEN!!! We have the military North Com building and planning and training how to use troops on domestic soil for civilian unrest. We have illegally rendered, a fancy word for KIDNAPPING, people to other prisons so they can be tortured out of the US. We maintain a prison at Bagram with 600 POWs that by tradition will not be tried until the “WAR” is over, but admit that we see an unending war. And the list goes on.

The horrible attack of 9/11 was cowardly, disasterous and devastating. In addition to the physical damage and the loss of life, it sucked the life out of our respect for the law. It has through our politicians damaged the Document that made us a great nation, the Constitution. It created damage and fear that took away our respect for human decency and law, and has forever changed our way of life.

If our politicians and agencies don't learn and recover from this disaster the United States will NEVER again be the respected country in the world where once, “no man is above the law; where all men are created equal; where there is liberty and justice for all.” We desperately need leaders that can take us in the right direction and quickly. We can be “popular” in the world by giving money, food and good conversation, but it will never equal how we were trusted in the world because of our commitment to equality for all men, nor will we as a people be able to look to our flag quietly waving in the breeze and silently say, “the land of the free and the home of the brave.”

To not act to restore the integrity, honor, and justice so essential and identified with this country is to betray all the heroic men and women that have fought and died in all the past wars for the United States. It belittles the ultimate sacrifice that so many patriotic Americans, and others who have courageously fought along side of us, made for freedom. It lessens the sacrifice that so many men and women made, and then ended up being buried in unmarked graves in foreign lands.

The LAST CHANCE for us to regain our status as the preeminent law abiding country in the world lies in the hands of Attorney General Holder. Will he investigate the torture problem? Will he appoint a special prosecutor? The longer this goes on the less I think so.

Attorney General Holder has in his power to prevent ever again such a disastrous blow to this country's world standing and reputation. By Investigating those that enabled, ordered and tortured he can ensure that no administration in the future will repeat the excesses and crimes of the Bush Administration. He has in his hands the opportunity to be a true American hero, one on the par nearly with the Founding Fathers. They in their genius created the Union and our Constitution, and he can courageously and singlehandedly, if he acts, restore the Union to it former position in the world.

Future generations must look at this generation and say they tortured, it was an excess, it was an aberration, and the folks that enabled, ordered and did it were punished for it.

Future generations must not look at this generation and say they did everything possible including inhumane torture and ignoring the Constitution to prevent another attack. Such a legacy would leave the United States and her future generations morally crippled and vulnerable to another similar shameful episode in our history.

In actuality I think future generations will look at the past administration and wonder how we as a people allowed so many abuses, so many infringements on our rights under the Constitution. They will look and wonder how we tortured people beyond torture, to find a fictitious connection between a dictator and terrorists. How we tortured human beings to try to justify our being a rogue nation and an aggressor in Iraq.

I hope they will not look at us and say how could a Great Nation become so bogged down that it lost its ability to see wrong from right, that it lost its ability to put the nation, her future and her people before self-interest politics.

Obama can be the greatest politician President in history, but he will never be a GREAT President until he faces the unavoidable need for him and his administration to tackle the unpopular but needed task of prosecuting those involved for our torturing of other humans.


So many Americans approve of torture; what does this tell us about America? « Fabius Maximus
Pingback posted April 29, 2009 @ 8:03 pm

[...] “Report Details Origins of Bush-Era Interrogation Policies“, Spencer Ackerman, Washington Independent, 21 April 2009 — “Senate Armed Services Document Outlines How Pentagon Used Torture Resistance Training in Interrogations” [...]


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Pingback posted May 14, 2009 @ 1:32 am

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Pingback posted May 14, 2009 @ 10:10 pm

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Pingback posted May 18, 2009 @ 9:56 am

[...] Isn’t it finding out how the freest country on earth began taking lessons from the KGB, the North Koreans, and the Gestapo on how to extract information from recalcitrant prisoners? If so, then the [...]


CIA Withheld Medical Information From the Justice Department to Obtain Torture Approvals : Federal Jack
Pingback posted August 25, 2009 @ 8:31 am

[...] from the Defense Department’s Joint Personnel Recovery Agency, which oversees the SERE program, as documented in the Senate Armed Services Committee’s torture report from last year. That OTS report was the basis for the information about proposed torture techniques provided to [...]


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Comment posted July 2, 2010 @ 5:41 am

Didn't we hear this as the defense at the Courts Martial for some of the soldiers? Was not this denied by Rummy? Wonder what, if anything, will happen now! Good job, Rummy. Hope you get a Court Martial of sorts yourself!


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Comment posted July 12, 2010 @ 9:12 am

We have tortured; unreasonably tortured, one man by waterboarding him 183 times in ONE MONTH.


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We have politicians that would rather try to defend a political party than seek the truth, do their oversight job or defend and uphold the Constitution of the United States.


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