Members of Congress Charged With a Crime, 1798 – 2008

By
Tuesday, July 29, 2008 at 5:31 pm

After the indictment of Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, on July 29, 2008, TWI got to wondering how many members of Congress came before him. The answer: at least 100. Stevens shares the list with characters like Sen. John Smith, D-Ohio, who, around 1807, was indicted for treason as a co-conspirator with Aaron Burr against the United States. He was eventually acquitted. Then there’s Rep. Mel Reynolds, D-Ill., who was accused in 1995 of having sex with an underage campaign worker. He was later convicted and sentenced to five years in prison. Enjoy the whole list for yourself below.



Members of congress charged with a crime:

MEMBER / DATE CHARGED CHARGE / FINAL ACTION
Sen. Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) 2008 False statements on Senate disclosure forms * Pending
Rick Renzi (R-Ariz.) 2008 Extortion, wire fraud, money laundering * Pending
Sen. Larry Craig (R-Idaho) 2007 Disorderly conduct * Pleaded guilty, requesting withdrawal of plea from state appeals court
William Jefferson (D-La) 2007 Racketeering, soliciting bribes, money laundering * Pending
Bob Ney (R-Ohio) 2007 Trading political favors for gifts * Convicted, sentenced to 2.5 years in prison
Tom DeLay (R-Texas) 2005 Money laundering, conspiracy * Pending
William Janklow (R-S.D.) 2003 Manslaughter after car struck motorcyclist. * Convicted, sentenced to 100 days in jail
James Traficant (R-Ohio) 2001 Tax evasion, bribery, racketeering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice * Convicted, sentenced to eight years in prison
Jay Kim (R-Calif.) 1997 Accepting illegal corporate campaign contributions. * Plead guilty and sentenced to two months of house arrest, one year probation and a $5,000 fine.
Mel Reynolds (D-Ill.) 1995 State charges: Sexual misconduct, child pornography and obstruction of justice * Convicted in August 1995 and sentenced to 5 years in prison

Federal charges: Bank fraud and lying to the Federal Election commission * Convicted in April 1997 and sentenced to 6.5 years in prison. Sentence commuted by President Bill Clinton.

Walter R. Tucker III (D-Calif.) 1995 Corruption for allegedly extorting bribes and cheating on taxes while mayor of Compton, Calif. * Convicted, sentenced to 27 months in prison.
Dan Rostenkowski (D-Ill.) 1994 Corruption * Plead guilty to a lesser charge of mail fraud, 1996. Pardoned by President Bill Clinton, 2000.
Carroll Hubbard (D-Ky) 1994 Obstruction of justice * Convicted
Larry Smith (D-Fla) 1993 Income tax and campaign reporting violations * Convicted, sentenced to 3 months in jail
Albert Bustamante (D-Texas) 1993 Racketeering & accepting illegal gratuity * Convicted
Nick Mavroules (D-Mass.) 1992 Bribery, tax evision, influence peddling * Pleaded guilty, served 15-month jail sentence
Joseph Mavroules (R-Pa.) 1992 Accepting illegal gratuities
Floyd H. Flake (D-N.Y.) 1991 Conspiracy, fraud and tax evasion for allegedly diverting $141,000, including federal housing funds, from projects run by the church where he served as pastor. * Trial opened 3/11/91 Charges dropped
Donald E. ‘Buz’ Lukens (R-Ohio) 2/23/89 Contributing to unruliness & delinquency of a minor by having sex with a 16-year-old girl * Convicted 5/26/89 Jailed for 9 days
Robert Garcia (D-N.Y.) 11-21-88 Influence-peddling bribery, extortion, conspiracy (WEDTECH) * Convicted 10/10/89 Conviction overturned on appeal 6/29/90
Pat Swindall (R-Ga.) 10/17/88 Perjury * Convicted on nine counts, 6/20/89. Sentenced to 1 year
Fofo I.F. Sunia (D-Amer. Somoa) 7/27/88 Conspiracy to defraud the gov’t by payroll padding * Pleaded guilty 8/4/88
Harold E. Ford (D-Tenn.) 4/24/87 Bank fraud, mail fraud, tax fraud * Jury deadlocked, 1990. Acquited, 1993.
Mario Biaggi (D-N.Y.) 3/16/87 Obstructing justice, accepting illegal gratuity. Racketeering, tax evasion, perjury, conspiracy, extortion, obstructing justice, accepting bribes (WEDTECH) * Convicted 9/22/87 Jailed for 26 months.
Henry B. Gonzales (D-Texas) 12/4/86 Assault * Charges dropped
Bobbi Fiedler (R-Calif.) 1/24/86 Violating state election code by offering a candidate money to leave race * Dismissed 2/26/86
Sen. Bob Kasten (R-Wis.) 12/12/85 D.U.I. * Charges dropped 4/11/86
(R-Idaho)George Hansen 4/7/83 Filing false financial disclosure statements * Convicted 4/2/84 Sentenced to 15 months, 6/15/84
James A. Traficant Jr. (D-Ohio) Bribery * Acquitted
Ike Andrews (D-N.C.) 10-82 D.W.I. * Pleaded guilty
Jon C. Hinson (R-Miss.) 2-4-81 Committing sodomy * Pleaded no contest to reduced charge
Charles J. 11-12-80 Carney Accepting illegal gratuity * Dismissed 11/23/81
Sen. Harrison Williams Jr. A. ‘Pete’ (D-N.J.) 10/30/80 Conspiracy to defraud gov’t, bribery, receiving unlawful gratuity & illegal compensation, inter-state travel to commit bribery & aid racketeering (ABSCAM) * Convicted 5/1/81
Robert E. Bauman (R-Md.) 10/3/80 Soliciting sex from a minor * Charges dropped 3/31/81
Richard Kelly (R-Fla.) 7/15/80 Bribery, conspiracy, violating Travel Act (ABSCAM) * Convicted 1/26/81 Acquitted 5/13/82
John M. Murphy (D-N.Y.) 6/18/80 Influence-peddling, accepting outside money to perform official duties, aiding racketeering receipt of unlawful gratuity, bribery (ABSCAM) * Convicted on most counts 12/3/80. Sentenced to 3 years
Frank Thompson Jr. (D-N.J.) Influence-peddling, accepting outside money to perform 6/18/80 official duties, aiding racketeering receipt of unlawful gratuity, bribery (ABSCAM) * Convicted 12/3/80 (several charges dismissed) Jailed for 13 months
John W. Jenrette Jr. (D-S.C.) 7/15/80 Bribery, conspiracy, violating Travel Act (ABSCAM) * Convicted 10/7/80 Sentenced to 2 years
Raymond R. Lederer (D-S.C.) 5/18/80 Influence-peddling, bribery, conspiracy, accepting illegal gratuity, aiding racketeering, (ABSCAM) * Convicted 1/9/81. Jailed for 1 year
Claude Leach (D-La.) 7/20/79 Buying votes; Violating fed. campaign finance laws * Acquitted of vote-buying 11/1/79; Other charge ruled improper 12/20/80
Michael O. Myers (D-Pa) 1-16-79 Disorderly conduct Bribery, conspiracy 5-27-80 * Pleaded no contest 4/10/79 Convicted, 8/30/80; Sentenced to 3 years
Nick Galifianakis (D-N.C.) 4/10/79 Perjury * Charges dismissed 8/3/79
Joshua Eilberg (D-Pa.) 10/24/78 Illegally receiving compensation * Pleaded guilty 2/24/79
Herbert Burke (R-Fla.) 5/27/78 Intoxication, resisting resisting arrest, influencing a witness * Pleaded guilty 9/26/78
Daniel J. Flood (D-Pa.) 1978 Perjury, bribery, conspiracy * Pleading guilty to mail fraud and tax evasion 6/12/80
Frank M. Clark (D-Pa.) 9/5/78 Mail fraud, perjury, income tax evasion * Pleaded guilty to mail fraud and tax evasion 6/12/79
Federick Richmond (D-N.Y.) 4/6/78 Soliciting sex for pay * Charges dropped 5/3/78
Otto E. Passman (D-La.) 3/23/78 Bribery, conspiracy income tax evasion * Acquitted 4/1/79
Charles C. Diggs Jr. (D-Mich.) 10/7/78 Mail fraud, perjury Sentenced to 3 years * Convicted
Richard T. Hanna (D-Calif.) 10/14/77 Conspiracy to defraud the gov’t * Pleaded guilty 3/17/78 Jailed for 18 months
Edward A. Garmatz (D-Md.) 8/1/77 Bribery, conspiracy, influence peddling * Case abandoned by Justice Dept. 1/9/78
Richard A. Tonry (D-La.) 8/1/77 Receiving illegal campaign contributions, promising Federal patronage to contributors, obstructing justice, conspiracy * Pleaded guilty 7/1/77 Jailed for 6 months
James F. Hastings (R-N.Y.) 9/21/76 Operating a kickback scheme with members of his congressional staff, mail fraud, filing false vouchers * Convicted 12/17/76. Jailed for 14 months
Frank J. Horton Reckless driving, D.W.I.,speeding * Pleaded guilty 8/31/76
Allan T. Howe (D-Utah) 6/12/76 Soliciting sex acts for pay * Convicted 7/23/76 Upheld on appeal
Henry J. Helstoski (D-N.J.) 6/2/76 Bribery, conspiracy, obstructing justice, perjury * Charges dismissed 9/22/79 & 2/27/80
James R. Jones (D-Okla.) 1/29/76 Failing to report a cash campaign contribution (not formally indicted) * Pleaded guilty
Wendell Wyatt (R-Ore.) 6/11/75 Violating campaign spending laws (not formally indicted) * Pleaded guilty
Andrew J. Hinshaw (R-Calif.) 5/6/75 Soliciting a bribe, bribery, embezzlement, misappropriation of public funds; Grand conspiracy

* Convicted of bribery 1/26/76. Convicted of misappropriation of public funds & petty theft. Jailed

George Hansen (R-Idaho) 2/19/75 Violating campaign spending laws * Pleaded guilty

(not formally

indicted)

Sen. Edward J. Gurney (R-Fla.) 1974 Violating Fla. campaign finance law. Conspiracy, perjury, soliciting bribes * Acquitted 8/6/75 & 10/27/76
Angelo D. Roncallo (R-N.Y.) 2/21/74 Extorting political contributions * Acquitted 5/17/74
Frank J. Brasco (D-N.Y.) 2/21/74 Conspiracy to receive bribes * Convicted 7/19/74 Jailed.
Bertram L. Podell (D-N.Y.) 7/12/73 Conspiracy, bribery, perjury * Pleaded guilty to conspiracy & conflict of interest, Jailed
J. Irving Whalley (R-Pa.) 7/5/73 Mail fraud, obstruction of justice, payroll abuse, threatening federal witness * Pleaded guilty 7/31/73
Gallagher Cornelius (D-N.J.) 1972 Federal income tax evasion, perjury, conspiracy * Pleaded guilty to tax evasion charge 12/21/72; Jailed 4/7/72
Martin B. McNeally (R-N.Y.) 10/18/70 Failure to file fed. income tax returns for four years. * Pleaded guilty to one year’s lapse
John V. Dowdy (D-Texas) 3/31/70 Conspiracy, conflict of interest, perjury, obstructing justice, facilitating bribery * Convicted 12/31/70 Sentenced to 18 mos.
Hugh J. Addonizio (D-N.J.) 12/18/69 Extortion, conspiracy, income tax evasion * Convicted 7/22/70 Sentenced to 10 years.
Sen. Daniel Brewster (D-Md.) 12/1/69 Soliciting and accepting bribes * Dismissed 10/9/70 Dismissal reversed ’72

Convicted 11/17/72

Conviction reversed

Pled no contest.

Frank W. Boykin (D-Ala.) 10/16/62 Conflict of interest, conspiracy to defraud government suspended jail sent. * Convicted 6/13/63 Fined $40,000 plus
Thomas F. Johnson (D-Md.) 10/16/62 Conflict of interest conspiracy to defraud the gov’t. * Convicted 6/13/63 Reversed 9/16/64 Convicted of conflict of interest 1/26/68
Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (D-N.Y.) 5/8/58 Federal income tax evasion, Criminal contempt of court for avoiding payment of $160,000 defamation of character judgment and failing to appear in court for civil suit * Federal judge threw out 2 of 3 counts 4/22/60; trial on 3rd count ended in hung jury; judge denied motion for acquital; case dismissed.
William J. Green Jr. (D-Pa.) 12/14/56 Conspiracy to defraud the gov’t.; influence peddling * Acquitted 2/27/59
Thomas J. Lane (D-Mass.) 3/5/56 Federal income tax evasion * Pleaded quilty 4/30 sentenced to 4 mos. prison & fined $10,000 released 9/4/56
Ernest K. Bramblett (R-Calif) 6/17/53 Making false statements about congressional payroll kickbacks * Convicted 2/9/54 fined $5000, sentence, 2-4 months (suspended) 6/15/55
John L. McMillan (D-S.C.) 1/14/53 Violated law barring members of Congress from contracting with the government * Acquitted 5/16/73
Theodore Leonard Irving (D-Mo.) 6/8/51 Misusing labor union funds for 1948 campaign * Acquitted 12/28/51
Walter E. Brehm (R-Ohio) 12/20/50 Accepting illegal campaign contributions * Convicted 4/30/51 sentence 5-15 mos. (suspended) and fined $5,000
J. Parnell Thomas (R-N.J.) 11/8/48 Conspiracy to defraud U.S. govt., payroll padding, receiving salary kickbacks * Convicted 11/30/49 sentenced to 6-18 mos. Paroled 9/18/50. Pardoned 12/24/50
Andrew J. May (D-Ky.) 1/23/47 Conspiracy to defraud U.S. gov’t, accepting bribes * Convicted 7/3/49 served 9 mos of 8-24 mo. sentence. Paroled 9/18/50. Pardoned 12/24/50
James M. Curley (D-Mass.) 1943-44 Mail fraud, conspiracy * Voided 10/1/43. Convicted 1/18/46 served 5 of 6-18 month sentence Sentence commuted 11/26/47; pardoned 4/12/50 by Harry S. Truman
B. Frank Whelchel (D-Ga) 1940 Accepting money to obtain appointive offices for certain constituents * Acquitted
John H. Hoeppel (D-Calif.) 1936 Influence-peddling. sentenced to 4 mo-1 yr. Fined $1,000 * Convicted 1936
George E. Foulkes (D-Mich.) 1934 Conspiracy to assess political contributions from postmasters * Convicted 1934-5, sentenced to 18 mos. fined $1,000
Harry E. Rowbottom (R-Ind.) 1931 Accepting bribes * Convicted 1931 sentenced to 1 year & 1 day; paroled after 9 mos.
Federick N. Zihlman Bribery (R-Md.) 12/10/29 * Acquitted
Edward E. Denison (R-Ill.) 10/19/29 Violating Prohibition by possessing alcohol * Court sustained a demurrer to indictment 6/30/30
M. Alfred Michaelson (R-Ill.) 5/9/29 Violating Prohibition by importing liquor * Acquitted 10/19/29
John W. Langley (R-Ky) March, 1924 Violating Prohibition, influence-peddling, conspiracy * Convicted 5/13/24 Conviction upheld 1/26/25
Sen. Burton K. Wheeler (D-Mont.) April, 1924 Illegally receiving compensation for services * Acquitted
Sen. Truman H. Newberry (R-Mich.) 11/29/19 Conspired to spend money to secure election to Senate * Convicted 3/20/20 sentenced to 2 yrs. fined $10,000 decision reversed 5/21/21
Victor L. Berger (S-Wisc.) Feb. 1918 Violating Espionage Act * Convicted Jan. 1919, sentenced to 20 yrs. conviction reversed by Supreme Court
Sen. Joseph R. Burton (R-Kan.) 1/23/04 Representing a client in a proceeding involving U.S. gov’t * Convicted 3/28/04 reversed 1/16/05 reindicted 7/3/05 reconvicted 11/26/05
Sen. John H. Mitchell (R-Ore.) 6/22/05 Conspiracy, bribery, influence-peddling * Convicted July, 1905 Died while case was being appealed; 5/21/04 conviction upheld by Supreme Ct.
John N. Williamson (R-Ore.) 2/11/05 Conspiracy to defraud the gov’t; inducing others to commit perjury * Convicted 9/05 sentenced to fine and 10 mos; decision reversed in 1908
Binger Hermann (R-Ore) 12/31/04 Conspiracy to defraud U.S. of public lands, destroying public records * Dismissed
Sen. Charles H. Dietrich (R-Neb.) 12/28/03 Bribery, conspiracy to defraud the gov’t holding a gov’t contract while in elective office

* Acquitted and nolle prosequi 1/8/04

Robert Smalls (R-S.C.) Oct. 1877 Accepting a bribe * Convicted
Philemon T. Herbert ( -Calif.) May, 1856 Manslaughter * Acquitted July, 1856
Sen. John Smith (D-Ohio) 1807 (?) Treason, misdemeanor co-conspirator with Aaron Burr against U.S. * Acquitted
Matthew Lyon (Ky.) 1798 Violating Sedition Act * Convicted 1798, jailed; fine refunded to heirs 1840
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Comments

4 Comments

brucebarron
Comment posted January 10, 2010 @ 8:24 pm

Bribery is a criminal offense both under federal and state statutes. Impeachment is not a prerequisite for bringing charges. The innumerable cases above prove this.
The Health Care Bill,besides being unconstitutional violates the principle of subsidiarity and is full of bribery. Tort reform is mandatory as well as interstate buying of health insurance. Why is this prohibited?
Congress is a corrupt organization and the members are guilty of perjury by failing to uphold their oath of office,
Congress has no money. This is taxpayers money and the states are the instrument for insuring that Congress does what is right. State legislatures and the Governors owe their primary responsibility to the citizens of the state unless they themselves are corrupt such as in Chicago and Massachusettes.
Who prosecuted these criminals–was it under state or federal statutes. Certainly it seems they can be prosecuted under state statutes as well.
The Health Care Bill is un constitutional and will be challanged in the courts.
Under the president's administration which is communistic and reminds one of Stalin
with the centralized government and the control of the economy with the bankers,wall street,and the federal reserve board ,the fusion of government and finance, the statist manifesto. if there were anyone with backone one would institute impeachment. He,Obama, is the enemy both domestic and foreign.This is Obama the Muslim.
We have the best care system in the world and no one is denied medical whether they can pay or not and have follow up with the doctor on call or can come back to the emergency ward the next day for follow up.Medicare fraud is 60 billion dollars per year and drug companies are not far behind. Foreign illegal immegrants are a massive drain on resources and all one need to do is stop it. The fence is very easy to build and we have the means and the laws on the books that need to be implenented and not impeded by menbers of Congress which is a criminal act.
In short bribery is a crime.

f you’re into superstition and omens, Congress has a statute that you need to avoid. In 1984, it codified the mark of the devil in the federal criminal code, 18 U.S.C. § 666.

Section 666 was designed to curb the evil of bribery related to federal funds. Prior to its enactment, another federal bribery statute, 18 U.S.C. § 201, was viewed by many courts to prohibit only the bribery of federal officials. In enacting § 666, Congress sought to protect federally funded programs from going into the red through theft and embezzlement by the direct bribery of federal officials. But it also made it a crime to commit bribery in connection with private citizens who have a relation to federally funded programs.

Although Congress intended § 666’s scope to be significant in order to protect federally funded programs, some observers of federal criminal law are now questioning whether the horns of § 666 are too sharp to serve the federal interests at stake. This article presents a hypothetical scenario to examine the breadth of § 666

RICO offenses
Under the law, racketeering activity means:

Any violation of state statutes against gambling, murder, kidnapping, extortion, arson, robbery, bribery, dealing in obscene matter, or dealing in a controlled substance or listed chemical (as defined in the Controlled Substances Act);
Any act of bribery, counterfeiting, theft, embezzlement, fraud, dealing in obscene matter, obstruction of justice, slavery, racketeering, gambling, money laundering, commission of murder-for-hire, and several other offenses covered under the Federal criminal code (Title 18);
Embezzlement of union funds;
Bankruptcy fraud or securities fraud;
Drug trafficking; long-term and elaborate drug networks can also be prosecuted using the Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute;
Money laundering and related offenses;
Bringing in, aiding or assisting aliens in illegally entering the country (if the action was for financial gain);
Acts of terrorism.
Pattern of racketeering
Notice that bribery is mentioned here.

Art2 Sec4 can be invoked as well as the 22nd Amendment

This country can still invoke the common law as found in Blackstone's Commentaries altough our legal is primarily statutary.

PUBLIC WRONGS.
Book IV.
Ch. 10.
17. BRIBERY is the next fpecies of offence againft public juftice; which is when a judge, or other perfon concerned in the adminiftration of juftice, takes any undue reward to influence his behaviour in his office l. In the eaft it is the cuftom never to petition any fuperior for juftice, not excepting their kings, without a prefent. This is calculated for the genius of defpotic countries; where the true principles of government are never underftood, and it is imagined that there is no obligation from the fuperior to the inferior, no relative duty owing from the governor to the governed. The Roman law, though it contained many fevere injunctions againft bribery, as well for felling a man's vote in the fenate or other public affembly, as for the bartering of common juftice, yet by a ftrange indulgence in one inftance, it tacitly encouraged this practice; allowing the magiftrate to receive fmall prefents, provided they did not in the whole exceed a hundred crowns in the year m: not confidering the infinuating nature and gigantic progrefs of this vice, when once admitted. Plato therefore more wifely, in his ideal republic n, orders thofe who take prefents for doing their duty to be punifhed in the fevereft manner: and by the laws of Athens he that offered was alfo profecuted, as well as he that received a bribe o. In England this offence of taking bribes is punifhed, in inferior officers, with fine and imprifonment; and in thofe who offer a bribe, though not taken, the fame p. But in judges, efpecially the fuperior ones, it hath been always looked upon as fo heinous an offence, that the chief juftice Thorpe was hanged for it in the reign of Edward III. By a ftatute q 11 Hen. IV, all judges and officers of the king, convicted of bribery, fhall forfeit treble the bribe, be punifhed at the king's will, and be difcharged from the king's fervice for ever. And fome notable examples have been made in parliament, of perfons in the
Blackstone's Commentaties.There is still a place for common law and has been used innumerable times to solve difficult prolems .

This should solve the problem of bribery in Congress and the White House.

Respectfully,

Bruce Barron
The problem is Doctors' salaries,insurance, and the drug companies. No one is denied medical care in this country and it is the best in the world. The problems are easily solveable except for the back door deals Obama has made and is in the Health Care Bill.

Congress and the present administration are crimanally negligent!


brucebarron
Comment posted January 11, 2010 @ 1:24 am

Bribery is a criminal offense both under federal and state statutes. Impeachment is not a prerequisite for bringing charges. The innumerable cases above prove this.
The Health Care Bill,besides being unconstitutional violates the principle of subsidiarity and is full of bribery. Tort reform is mandatory as well as interstate buying of health insurance. Why is this prohibited?
Congress is a corrupt organization and the members are guilty of perjury by failing to uphold their oath of office,
Congress has no money. This is taxpayers money and the states are the instrument for insuring that Congress does what is right. State legislatures and the Governors owe their primary responsibility to the citizens of the state unless they themselves are corrupt such as in Chicago and Massachusettes.
Who prosecuted these criminals–was it under state or federal statutes. Certainly it seems they can be prosecuted under state statutes as well.
The Health Care Bill is un constitutional and will be challanged in the courts.
Under the president's administration which is communistic and reminds one of Stalin
with the centralized government and the control of the economy with the bankers,wall street,and the federal reserve board ,the fusion of government and finance, the statist manifesto. if there were anyone with backone one would institute impeachment. He,Obama, is the enemy both domestic and foreign.This is Obama the Muslim.
We have the best care system in the world and no one is denied medical whether they can pay or not and have follow up with the doctor on call or can come back to the emergency ward the next day for follow up.Medicare fraud is 60 billion dollars per year and drug companies are not far behind. Foreign illegal immegrants are a massive drain on resources and all one need to do is stop it. The fence is very easy to build and we have the means and the laws on the books that need to be implenented and not impeded by menbers of Congress which is a criminal act.
In short bribery is a crime.

f you’re into superstition and omens, Congress has a statute that you need to avoid. In 1984, it codified the mark of the devil in the federal criminal code, 18 U.S.C. § 666.

Section 666 was designed to curb the evil of bribery related to federal funds. Prior to its enactment, another federal bribery statute, 18 U.S.C. § 201, was viewed by many courts to prohibit only the bribery of federal officials. In enacting § 666, Congress sought to protect federally funded programs from going into the red through theft and embezzlement by the direct bribery of federal officials. But it also made it a crime to commit bribery in connection with private citizens who have a relation to federally funded programs.

Although Congress intended § 666’s scope to be significant in order to protect federally funded programs, some observers of federal criminal law are now questioning whether the horns of § 666 are too sharp to serve the federal interests at stake. This article presents a hypothetical scenario to examine the breadth of § 666

RICO offenses
Under the law, racketeering activity means:

Any violation of state statutes against gambling, murder, kidnapping, extortion, arson, robbery, bribery, dealing in obscene matter, or dealing in a controlled substance or listed chemical (as defined in the Controlled Substances Act);
Any act of bribery, counterfeiting, theft, embezzlement, fraud, dealing in obscene matter, obstruction of justice, slavery, racketeering, gambling, money laundering, commission of murder-for-hire, and several other offenses covered under the Federal criminal code (Title 18);
Embezzlement of union funds;
Bankruptcy fraud or securities fraud;
Drug trafficking; long-term and elaborate drug networks can also be prosecuted using the Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute;
Money laundering and related offenses;
Bringing in, aiding or assisting aliens in illegally entering the country (if the action was for financial gain);
Acts of terrorism.
Pattern of racketeering
Notice that bribery is mentioned here.

Art2 Sec4 can be invoked as well as the 22nd Amendment

This country can still invoke the common law as found in Blackstone's Commentaries altough our legal is primarily statutary.

PUBLIC WRONGS.
Book IV.
Ch. 10.
17. BRIBERY is the next fpecies of offence againft public juftice; which is when a judge, or other perfon concerned in the adminiftration of juftice, takes any undue reward to influence his behaviour in his office l. In the eaft it is the cuftom never to petition any fuperior for juftice, not excepting their kings, without a prefent. This is calculated for the genius of defpotic countries; where the true principles of government are never underftood, and it is imagined that there is no obligation from the fuperior to the inferior, no relative duty owing from the governor to the governed. The Roman law, though it contained many fevere injunctions againft bribery, as well for felling a man's vote in the fenate or other public affembly, as for the bartering of common juftice, yet by a ftrange indulgence in one inftance, it tacitly encouraged this practice; allowing the magiftrate to receive fmall prefents, provided they did not in the whole exceed a hundred crowns in the year m: not confidering the infinuating nature and gigantic progrefs of this vice, when once admitted. Plato therefore more wifely, in his ideal republic n, orders thofe who take prefents for doing their duty to be punifhed in the fevereft manner: and by the laws of Athens he that offered was alfo profecuted, as well as he that received a bribe o. In England this offence of taking bribes is punifhed, in inferior officers, with fine and imprifonment; and in thofe who offer a bribe, though not taken, the fame p. But in judges, efpecially the fuperior ones, it hath been always looked upon as fo heinous an offence, that the chief juftice Thorpe was hanged for it in the reign of Edward III. By a ftatute q 11 Hen. IV, all judges and officers of the king, convicted of bribery, fhall forfeit treble the bribe, be punifhed at the king's will, and be difcharged from the king's fervice for ever. And fome notable examples have been made in parliament, of perfons in the
Blackstone's Commentaties.There is still a place for common law and has been used innumerable times to solve difficult prolems .

This should solve the problem of bribery in Congress and the White House.

Respectfully,

Bruce Barron
The problem is Doctors' salaries,insurance, and the drug companies. No one is denied medical care in this country and it is the best in the world. The problems are easily solveable except for the back door deals Obama has made and is in the Health Care Bill.

Congress and the present administration are crimanally negligent!


Djpass
Comment posted December 11, 2010 @ 11:03 am

The column showing the charges is cut off on the right.


Doves
Comment posted January 19, 2011 @ 7:12 pm

Harry Reid and Shelley Berkley need listed on this for profiteering off Americans who come home with blown up legs and arms. Mental problems for the rest of live.

Why? Because they invested in war arms to become worth millions and there to. All the while others suffer because they after investing voted to go to way so they could profiteer off deaths and suffering. famlies to


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