The Case for Building Schools

By
Wednesday, January 28, 2009 at 12:46 pm
A public school in Bogalusa, La. (Flickr: Ken Roberts Photography)

A public school in Bogalusa, La. (Flickr: Ken Roberts Photography)

As Congress debates a roughly $825 billion economic stimulus package, many interest groups want to make sure their pet programs get a piece of the action. The education community is no exception.

Various advocates are urging Congress to use the stimulus to fund universal pre-k, expanded after-school programs, education technology, and new teacher compensation packages, among other education initiatives.

Illustration by: Matt Mahurin

Illustration by: Matt Mahurin

Many of these are worthy proposals. And there’s good reason to include education in the stimulus. With state budgets deep in the red and local property taxes, another key source of education funding, plunging with property values, schools across the country are facing serious financial deficits. By plugging holes in state budgets, stimulus spending could reduce the pressure for painful education funding cuts.

Unfortunately, many of the education-related proposals are fundamentally mismatched to the goals of economic stimulus. Stimulus spending is a temporary measure to increase demand by quickly injecting federal dollars into the economy. To the contrary, effective education reforms require sustained, stable investments; schools are unlikely to make meaningful changes if they know funding is temporary. Implementing new education programs effectively takes time, compromising the effect of an economic stimulus.

There is, however, one big exception. New investments in school construction and modernization are a natural fit for the stimulus package. Unlike education programs, which need ongoing funding in order to keep operating, a two-year investment in school construction would produce thousands of school buildings that could be used for decades to come, with no need for continued federal funding. Similarly, investments in “greening” existing school facilities to reduce their energy consumption will produce substantial, ongoing savings that school districts can use to fund pre-k, increased teacher compensation, and other educational programs.

Many states and school districts have construction projects that were already in the works but have been put on hold due to the economic downturn. Federal school construction aid would allow work to resume on those projects, moving cash into the economy quickly. School construction would also create new jobs for construction workers hard-hit by the housing downturn. Because the construction sector is slow right now, schools and districts are likely to secure better deals on projects now than they would if they waited until the economy picks up.

But perhaps the most important reason to invest in school construction is that our students need it. Just as Americans have underinvested in our bridges, roads, and other infrastructure, we’ve also underinvested in our education infrastructure. The American Society of Civil Engineers Infrastructure report card gives our school buildings a grade of D — lower than grades for bridges, rail, or public transit infrastructure. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, it would cost $127 billion just to renovate and repair crumbling or outdated school facilities to good condition. Poor school facilities don’t necessarily prevent students from learning, but, it’s unconscionable that we currently ask students to learn, and teachers to work, in buildings that are overcrowded, inadequately heated and ventilated, poorly maintained, and in some cases literally falling apart. The contrast between schools and other buildings sends our most disadvantaged children a devastating message about the value we place on their education.

States and local governments bear primary responsibility for building and maintaining school facilities but high-poverty and rural communities lack the tax base to support these types of investments. The credit crunch and economic downturn have made things even harder.

By investing in school construction as part of the stimulus, the federal government can put tens of thousands of construction workers back to work, reduce energy consumption in our schools at great savings to local school districts, and improve the quality of educational facilities for a generation of children. That’s a pretty good deal, and one Congress and the president should take advantage of.

Sara Mead is a senior research fellow at the New America Foundation. She writes about early education policy for the blog Early Ed Watch.

Comments

38 Comments

Matthew Yglesias » School Construction Stimulus
Pingback posted January 29, 2009 @ 3:24 pm

[...] dating Sara Mead. Indeed I am. But even if I wasn’t, I would still recommend her piece on why school construction should be part of a recovery package: New investments in school construction and modernization are a natural fit [...]


BT
Comment posted February 1, 2009 @ 12:14 pm

I'm in education, and I can tell you a new building will do little to enhance student learning. Small class size is the one thing we know that will. School district officials usually see new school construction as a means to cut teachers and services like counseling, speech therapy, and nurses. Many times students attending a brand-new school lack a full-time counselor or don’t have enough computer labs. Our state has consolidated for almost two decades. In communities where schools closed, old buildings were left to deteriorate and the property values and communities did too. Instead we have new schools in areas hidden from view and away from the community. The positive side of new school construction is a more comfortable school environment for heating, air conditioning, and lighting. Unless the school is falling down, I say keep community schools and renovate existing structure.


Jason Flom
Comment posted February 3, 2009 @ 6:28 am

You make a strong argument here. Too few people understand that meaningful and lasting change takes time to develop, implement, and reap the benefits from. The idea of infusing funds toward the design and construction/renovation of 21st century schools could be a boon to local construction economies and could result in significant gains in classroom aesthetics. However, construction isn't enough by itself. Keeping students in high stakes testing situations, but in newer buildings doesn't change much at all. This sort of stimulus plan should happen concurrent with larger trends toward a more relevant education system. Teacher training programs, accountability systems, and standards need to be updated to reflect how students learn best and teachers teach best.


David Clinton
Comment posted February 6, 2009 @ 12:10 pm

Another way to look at it:

Over the past several weeks politicians have been talking about how they will rescue the economy. We have heard ideas ranging from road construction and bridge repair to rebates and tax reductions for the middle class to reducing the rate at which retirees are taxed on 401k withdrawals and reducing the capital gains tax rate. Most of these have been tried before; many with questionable success.

Road and bridge construction was probably the most successful works program during the Great Depression because it provided jobs for many and made important improvements to our national highway system, thereby facilitating stronger interstate commerce. There were other types of jobs created by the WPA that had lasting value to our society, but the road building provided stimulus to more pocketbooks. When money is spent on construction projects it is a generally accepted rule-of-thumb that each dollar passes through seven individuals, increasing the investment effect on a community sevenfold. This is the area where Keynesian Economics can actually yield a return for its investment.

The intent of the WPA jobs program can work today, but must be fine-tuned to the needs of our current economy and society; and we can do this if:

The jobs that are created have intrinsic value in this century.

The reach of this stimulus extends nationally, and provides jobs in all levels of the industry and service sectors.

The stimulus has an immediate and sustained impact for the economy.

The projects undertaken bring greater value to the economy than they cost.

And, the projects are generally recognized by the citizenry as providing that great value.

Construction spending affects at least one third of the economy of this country directly, and it affects most of the remainder of the economy indirectly. It has been the sector most adversely hurt by the latest financial implosion, and the slowdown in this sector has led to the financial sector write-downs and market turmoil. The Construction Industry will need massive support to replace the thousands of jobs it has already lost.

Forms of construction that are technically complex will have a greater impact on more of our economy than roads and bridges. Buildings require complex mechanical and electrical systems, multiple finish materials, furnishings, technological equipment, and many other manufactured items.

To win public support for funding of construction projects the projects must be perceived as unarguably valuable to every community in the country. This tends to reduce the list of possibilities to three areas: Build and renovate public medical facilities, build and renovate public schools and colleges, build public housing. Medical facilities tend to be self-sustaining, and most require a time-consuming process of application called a Certificate of Need (CON). Housing will only affect certain portions of our communities and there exist public-private partnerships that can provide for these needs. The only way school construction can get funded is though issuance of government bonds or with cash. A private financing method has been popular, recently, but it is more expensive and requires a healthy credit market.

Government bonds are issued in two basic ways, upon the vote of an electorate, and though the issuance of Certificates of Participation (COP). Both methods ensure full accountability for the money that is borrowed. Because COPs do not need to wait for an electoral decision they can be applied for and funded in a much shorter period of time, and can get construction underway in a matter of months. In the meantime, design professionals: architects, engineers, surveyors, etc., can be employed and begin the process of putting money back into the communities across the country.

In North Carolina, the first major budget item to be cut was the almost $ 1 billion in repair and renovation spending for the public universities. This makes no sense, as this money can get into the community immediately, and provide a quick stimulus. It should even be increased.

I propose that the Federal Government finance COPs, with little or no interest, to school districts, nationwide, taking care to provide extra assistance to low-wealth districts, perhaps through outright grants to repair, improve, and replace substandard facilities. The Federal Government does not draw a distinction between operating budgets and capital budgets. Most other levels of government do and this makes budgeting for capital projects more time-consuming and subject to reduction and removal from the budgets of state, county and local governments. State budgets are also more sensitive to the need to be balanced; many are required to do so by law.

The State and County Governments must not cut Repair and Renovation money for the same reason. This money will help to reduce energy costs and other operating expenses. In some of the smaller universities and school systems it will eliminate some extremely hazardous conditions that continue to worsen for lack of funds. This money will circulate in the local economy, but also provide jobs for the national building industry.

For decades state departments of education have been aware that many of their schools were in need of repair. Many public schools and public universities operate in buildings that should be condemned, both for structural deficiencies and for toxic air conditions. These buildings also burn fossil fuels much faster than new buildings: lighting is inefficient, heating systems as well, and insulation is often inadequate. The value of repairing or replacing these structures probably exceeds $100 billion, if not much more.

The economic development agencies of our states offer billions in tax incentives and grants to attract industries. This is justified because it will bring jobs that add to the tax base. The Federal Government justifies investing a trillion dollars in the nation’s financial institutions by saying, besides bringing market stability, this investment will eventually yield a return.

Why then can we not say that the investment in school construction will do the same, providing tax revenues from the industries and workers that create these products and buildings for our schools and colleges? Better work places will help to attract and retain better teachers. And in this era of “No Child Left Behind” we will create an even more valuable commodity: children, regardless of social or economic status or region who, by means of a safer, healthier learning environment, are better prepared for their future occupations. If we do this we will accomplish more than simply improve the national economy we will inspire the nation to reach for higher goals.


tom2000
Comment posted February 9, 2009 @ 3:58 am

This research forms part of Forum’s ongoing work with school leaders for the National College for School Leadership. We are currently supporting the development of leaders in 56 schools to help them actively explore and share innovative practice in leading sustainable schools in order to develop a stronger evidence base and inform policy and practice.

Tom

homes for sale


homes for sale
Comment posted February 9, 2009 @ 11:58 am

This research forms part of Forum’s ongoing work with school leaders for the National College for School Leadership. We are currently supporting the development of leaders in 56 schools to help them actively explore and share innovative practice in leading sustainable schools in order to develop a stronger evidence base and inform policy and practice.

Tom

homes for sale


PoliTrix » Blog Archive » Bizarro Stimulus
Pingback posted February 10, 2009 @ 9:21 pm

[...] SUPERMAN: Indeed there are, Jimmy.  School construction projects. Why, there are ample school projects out there that are “shovel-ready” — that is, projects that can start employing [...]


AMERICAN NONSENSE » Bizarro Stimulus
Pingback posted February 11, 2009 @ 12:54 am

[...] SUPERMAN: Indeed there are, Jimmy.  School construction projects. Why, there are ample school projects out there that are “shovel-ready” — that is, projects that can start employing [...]


mbt shoes
Comment posted May 10, 2010 @ 12:32 am

DO you like it? http://www.hotmbtshoessale.com


mbt sandals
Comment posted June 2, 2010 @ 3:17 pm

Thank you for your sharing.I'm very interested in it.


mbt sandals
Comment posted June 3, 2010 @ 1:11 am

so cool


jordan shoes
Comment posted June 9, 2010 @ 7:15 am

Demonstrate a unique new concept!


nike running shoes
Comment posted July 11, 2010 @ 5:12 am

Buy Cheap Football Jerseys from Sport Jersey's Store, Basketball Jerseys, NFL Jerseys,NHL Jerseys, NBA Jerseys,MLB Jerseys,Hockey Jerseys,Cheap NFL Jerseys,Wholesale NFL Jerseys
Cowboys cheap jerseys Steelers cheap jerseys Saints cheap jerseys Vikings cheap jerseys Raiders cheap jerseysYou may need Summer Equipment,Have a good summer holiday:Many kind of Brand Sunglsss ,Puma Shoes,Converse Shoes,Nike Shox Shoes .

Women's Air Max LTD on sale,Men's Air Max LTD Shoes was introduced in 2002,Nike Air Max 95 and Nike Basketball shoes are hot now,Nike Air Max 2009 retail for men and women,Nike running shoes and mbt shoes are the latest stock to hit our shores,with more boots shoes online,Our nike sneakers like Mens Shox NZ and Womens Shox NZ sale online.


polo ralph lauren
Comment posted September 17, 2010 @ 6:50 am

This research forms part of Forum’s ongoing work with school leaders for the National College for School Leadership. We are currently supporting the development of leaders in 56 schools to help them actively explore and share innovative practice in leading sustainable schools in order to develop a stronger evidence base and inform policy and practice.


Wz161996
Comment posted September 21, 2010 @ 8:24 am

Taobao wholesale Company Sells newest Style Replica Handbags . Designerhttp://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>cheap LV handbags , copy replica, exact replica, designer replica, mirror image.,Brands contain Louis Vuitton hand bags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>handbags wholesale,Gucci handbags,Coach handbags tote bags,Chole handbags,Fendi handbags,Miu miu handbags,Givenchy handbags,Hermes handbags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>chanel handbags online ,Marc Jacobs handbags,Jimmy choo handbags,Kooba handbags,Dior handbags,Prada handbags,Versace handbags,Mulberry handbags,Thomaswylde handbags,YSL handbags,D & G handbags,Loewe handbags,Juicy handbags,Lancel handbags,whoelsale capsAnya Hindmarch handbags, Armani handbags;

Quality: our replica bags are sourced from experienced factories experienced in the production of top quality items. We are devoted to the Retail and Wholesale of AAA+++(99.9% mirror copy) Designer bags

Taobao wholesale Company Sells newest Style Replica Handbags . Designerhttp://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>cheap LV handbags , copy replica, exact replica, designer replica, mirror image.,Brands contain Louis Vuitton hand bags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>handbags wholesale,Gucci handbags,Coach handbags tote bags,Chole handbags,Fendi handbags,Miu miu handbags,Givenchy handbags,Hermes handbags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>chanel handbags online ,Marc Jacobs handbags,Jimmy choo handbags,Kooba handbags,Dior handbags,Prada handbags,Versace handbags,Mulberry handbags,Thomaswylde handbags,YSL handbags,D & G handbags,Loewe handbags,Juicy handbags,Lancel handbags,whoelsale capsAnya Hindmarch handbags, Armani handbags;

Quality: our replica bags are sourced from experienced factories experienced in the production of top quality items. We are devoted to the Retail and Wholesale of AAA+++(99.9% mirror copy) Designer bags

Taobao wholesale Company Sells newest Style Replica Handbags . Designerhttp://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>cheap LV handbags , copy replica, exact replica, designer replica, mirror image.,Brands contain Louis Vuitton hand bags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>handbags wholesale,Gucci handbags,Coach handbags tote bags,Chole handbags,Fendi handbags,Miu miu handbags,Givenchy handbags,Hermes handbags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>chanel handbags online ,Marc Jacobs handbags,Jimmy choo handbags,Kooba handbags,Dior handbags,Prada handbags,Versace handbags,Mulberry handbags,Thomaswylde handbags,YSL handbags,D & G handbags,Loewe handbags,Juicy handbags,Lancel handbags,whoelsale capsAnya Hindmarch handbags, Armani handbags;

Quality: our replica bags are sourced from experienced factories experienced in the production of top quality items. We are devoted to the Retail and Wholesale of AAA+++(99.9% mirror copy) Designer bags

Taobao wholesale Company Sells newest Style Replica Handbags . Designerhttp://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>cheap LV handbags , copy replica, exact replica, designer replica, mirror image.,Brands contain Louis Vuitton hand bags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>handbags wholesale,Gucci handbags,Coach handbags tote bags,Chole handbags,Fendi handbags,Miu miu handbags,Givenchy handbags,Hermes handbags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>chanel handbags online ,Marc Jacobs handbags,Jimmy choo handbags,Kooba handbags,Dior handbags,Prada handbags,Versace handbags,Mulberry handbags,Thomaswylde handbags,YSL handbags,D & G handbags,Loewe handbags,Juicy handbags,Lancel handbags,whoelsale capsAnya Hindmarch handbags, Armani handbags;

Quality: our replica bags are sourced from experienced factories experienced in the production of top quality items. We are devoted to the Retail and Wholesale of AAA+++(99.9% mirror copy) Designer bags

Taobao wholesale Company Sells newest Style Replica Handbags . Designerhttp://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>cheap LV handbags , copy replica, exact replica, designer replica, mirror image.,Brands contain Louis Vuitton hand bags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>handbags wholesale,Gucci handbags,Coach handbags tote bags,Chole handbags,Fendi handbags,Miu miu handbags,Givenchy handbags,Hermes handbags,http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>chanel handbags online ,Marc Jacobs handbags,Jimmy choo handbags,Kooba handbags,Dior handbags,Prada handbags,Versace handbags,Mulberry handbags,Thomaswylde handbags,YSL handbags,D & G handbags,Loewe handbags,Juicy handbags,Lancel handbags,whoelsale capsAnya Hindmarch handbags, Armani handbags;

Quality: our replica bags are sourced from experienced factories experienced in the production of top quality items. We are devoted to the Retail and Wholesale of AAA+++(99.9% mirror copy) Designer bags

Taobao Trade CO.,LTD is a professional supplier ofwhoelsale caps/T-shirts/jeans/bags/boots/watches/MP4/sunglasses/Belt/http://www.taobao-wholesale.com/” rel=”nofollow”>chanel handbags online ,which insists on the principle of “reasonable price,superior quality,prompt delivery,and excellent service”.Our company aims to establish a long-term business relationship with buyers all over the world!.

If you are interest in this products, please contact us ASAP.


spelling programs
Comment posted September 22, 2010 @ 3:35 pm

This research forms part of Forum’s ongoing work with school leaders for the National College for School Leadership. We are currently supporting the development of leaders in 56 schools to help them actively explore and share innovative practice in leading sustainable schools in order to develop a stronger evidence base and inform policy and practice.


Roberts Photography | Pafos Photos
Pingback posted April 10, 2011 @ 5:28 am

[...] Ken Roberts Photography) washingtonindependent.com [...]


cheap software
Comment posted May 27, 2011 @ 5:31 pm

oh p dki  dfheiooo desoToday I found a wonderful website,the site contained:
ルイヴィトン LouisVuitton
discount software

discount office software
cheap software

office 2010
Microsoft office 2010 professional 64 bit
Microsoft office 2011
microsoft office 2010

single office 2010

office 2007
office 2003 professional
office project standard 2010 32bit
office project standard 2010 64bit
office visio premium 2010 32bit
office visio premium 2010 64bit
office visio standard 2010 32bit
office powerpoint 2010 32bit
office outlook 2007

office access 2007
office access 2010 32bit
office access 2010 64bit
office powerpoint 2010 64bit
office project professional 2010 32bit
office project professional 2010 64bit
office visio professional 2010 32bit
office visio professional 2010 64bit
office 2010 professional plus 64bit
office 2010 professional 32bit

office excel 2010 32bit
office word 2010 32bit
office infopath 2010 32bit

office visio standard 2010 64bit
office infopath 2010 64bit
office word 2007
office visio professional 2007

office 2010 professional plus 32bit

office professional 2007
office excel 2007

office powerpoint 2007
office project professional 2007
office professional plus 2007
office 2010 standart 32bit
office 2010 standart 64bit
office 2011 for mac

office 2011 home business for mac

office outlook 2010 32bit

microsoft office outlook 2010 64bit

microsoft office onenote 2010 32bit

microsoft office onenote 2010 64bit

microsoft office 2010 professional 64bit

microsoft office word 2010 64bit
microsoft office home and student 2007

microsoft office 2007 standard
microsoft office 2007 ultimate

microsoft office 2007 enterprise

microsoft office excel 2010 64bit

microsoft office 2010 home and student 64bit
microsoft office 2010 home and business 32bit

microsoft office 2010 home and business 64bit

microsoft office 2010 home and student 32bit

ルイヴィトン LouisVuitton
バッグ
ルイヴィトン 2010-2011新着
ルイヴィトン その他
ルイヴィトン エピ
ルイヴィトン シマー
ルイヴィトン タイガ
ルイヴィトン ダミエ
ルイヴィトン ダミエ ジェア


ルイヴィトン

ダミエ?アズール
ルイヴィトン ダミエ?グラフィット
ルイヴィトン モノグラム
ルイヴィトン モノグラム?デニム
ルイヴィトン モノグ

ラム?マルチカラー
ルイヴィトン モノグラム?ミニ?ラン
ルイヴィトン ヴェルニ
uggルイヴィトンugg
ルイヴィトン


ルイヴィトン
ルイヴィトン

ルイヴィトン
ルイヴィトン
ルイヴィトン
ルイヴィトン


cheap software
cheap adobe
cheap

wedding dress
ルイヴィトン 小物
ルイヴィトン アクセサリー
ルイヴィトン エピ
ルイヴィトン シマー
ルイヴィトン ベルト
ルイヴィトン ヴェルニ
財布
ルイヴィトン 2011新着財布
ルイヴィトン その他
ルイヴィトン エピ
ルイヴィトン シマー
ルイヴィトン タイガ
ルイヴィトン ダミエ
ルイヴィトン ノグラム

?マルチカラー
ルイヴ

ィトン モノグラム
ルイ

ヴィトン ヴェルニ
ルイヴィトン

手帳
腕時


腕時計


腕時計

時計
腕時計
腕時計
腕時計
腕時計
Discount

software
Discount software
wholesale wedding dress
シャネル CHANEL
シャネル バッグ
シャネル その他
シャネル キャビア
シャネル レザー
シャネル レザー&装飾
シャネル 化粧ポーチ
シャネル 小物
シャネル 財布
グッチ GUCCI

グッチ バッグ
グッチ

小物
グッチ 財布

腕時計
オメガ(OMEGA)
コンステレーショ


ピードマスター
スペシャリティーズ
デビル
プラネットオーシャン

カルティエ CARTIER
その他
サントス

タンク

フランセーズ
バロンブルー
パシャC
ロードスター

コルムCORUM
シャネル CHANEL
ショパール CHOPARD
ゼニス(ZENITH)
パネライ(PANERAI)


フランクミュラー FRANCK MULLER
ブライトリングBREITLING
ブルガリ BVLGARI
その他
アショーマ


エルゴン


ソロテ

ンポ

ィアゴノ
ディアゴノ アルミニウム
ディアゴノ スクーバ
ディアゴノ

スポーツ
ディアゴノ ラバー
ディアゴノGMT
ブルガリブルガリ

ロレックス(ROLEX)
デイトナ
ボーイズ
メンズ
レディース

IWC


CHANELシャネル
JUICY
エドハーディー(Ed

Hardy)
オフ

ィシャルサイト D&G
クリスチャンルブタンCL
グッチ (Gucci)
スニーカー
女スリッパ
女長靴
女靴
男スリッパ
運動靴
革靴

コーチ(COACH)
ジミーチュウ(Jimmy Choo)
ディオール (Dior)

ボッテガ ヴェネタ

Bottega Veneta
バッグ
小物
財布

コーチ COACH
コーチバッグ
コーチ財布

プラダ PRADA

プラダ バッグ

ルメス Hermes
エル

メス バッグ
エル

メス 小物
エルメ

ス 財布
Wedding Dresswedding dresses with

color(2010)
wedding dresses(2010)
wedding dresses(2011)

Plus Size

Wedding DressPlus Size Wedding Dresses(2010)

Couture

Wedding DressCouture Wedding Dresses(2010)

Formal Wedding

DressInformal Wedding Dresses(2010)

Wedding Bridesmaid DressesWedding Bridesmaid Dresses

2010
Discount Bridesmaid Dress
Junior Bridesmaids DressesJunior bridesmaids dresses(2010)
Maternity Bridesmaid DressMaternity Bridesmaid dresses(2010)
Cocktail DressCocktail

Dresses(2010)
Prom &Evening DressProm

dresses(2010)

Sexy Evening Dress
Stardoll Dress
Quinceanera

DressQuinceanera

Dresses(2010)
Mother of the

Bride DressMother of the Bride Dresses(2010)
Flower Girl

DressFlower girl

dresses(2010)
Wedding AccessoriesJacket
Petticoat
Real ProductsReal Wedding dress
cheap adobe software

adobe creative suite 5 master collection
adobe creative suite 5 master collection for mac
cheap sony software

sony vegas pro 10 software
autodesk autocad 2011 software
autodesk maya 2011 32 bit software
autodesk maya 2011 for mac software
cheap intuit software

intuit quickbooks pro 2011
adobe photoshop cs5 extended software
adobe acrobat 9 professional software
Adobe Flash Builder 4 Premium


ルイヴィトン LouisVuitton
Comment posted May 29, 2011 @ 10:43 am

ルイヴィトン LouisVuitton


Manoj Khandelwal
Comment posted June 6, 2011 @ 6:44 pm

exist public-private partnerships that can provide for these needs. The
only way school construction can get funded is though issuance of
government bonds or with cash. A private financing method has been
popular, recently, but it is more expensive and requires a healthy
credit market.medical billing


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted June 12, 2011 @ 11:38 am

That’s a pretty good deal, and one Congress and the president should take advantage of.medical billing and coding


Arun Soni
Comment posted June 13, 2011 @ 12:57 pm

A cool roof absorbs 80 percent less heat than traditional dark colored roofs.
medical coding and billing


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted June 14, 2011 @ 7:25 am

I did not see any other example that took more then a couple of days.medical coding and billing


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted June 21, 2011 @ 3:12 am

kept on asking, ‘Are you sure this is correct? Are you sure?’ ” Ms. Laverde said.SEO


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted June 22, 2011 @ 2:19 pm

Because the construction sector is slow right now, schools and districts
are likely to secure better deals on projects now than they would if
they waited until the economy picks up.bosch 3912


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted June 26, 2011 @ 11:48 am

Because the construction sector is slow right now, schools and districts
are likely to secure better deals on projects now than they would if
they waited until the economy picks up.Rugs


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted June 29, 2011 @ 3:53 pm

That’s a pretty good deal, and one Congress and the president should take advantage of.search engine optimization los angeles


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted July 1, 2011 @ 11:05 am

Apocalypses and Exegeses are no longer reliable sources for the current
Perl 6 design. Please read Synopses (see below) first, and rely on their
contents rather than that of the Apocalypses and Exegeses.disability benefits law


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted July 11, 2011 @ 4:58 am

The credit crunch and economic downturn have made things even harder.electric cigarette review


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted July 11, 2011 @ 4:58 am

The credit crunch and economic downturn have made things even harder.electric cigarette review


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted July 14, 2011 @ 12:09 pm

Various advocates are urging Congress to use the stimulus to fund
universal pre-k, expanded after-school programs, education technology,
and new teacher compensation packages, among other education
initiatives. Link Building


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted July 19, 2011 @ 1:31 pm

Our company aims to establish a long-term business relationship with buyers all over the world.  exercise bike


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted July 31, 2011 @ 8:29 pm

The intent of the WPA jobs program can work today, but must be
fine-tuned to the needs of our current economy and society; and we can
do this if. Digital Marketing Agency


Modakram Khan
Comment posted August 4, 2011 @ 8:47 am

. By plugging holes in state budgets, stimulus spending could reduce the pressure for painful education funding cuts.hard anodized cookware set


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted August 5, 2011 @ 4:55 am

This sort of stimulus plan should happen concurrent with larger trends toward a more relevant education system.link building services


Zaheer Khan
Comment posted August 6, 2011 @ 4:31 am

Similarly, investments in “greening” existing school facilities to
reduce their energy consumption will produce substantial, ongoing
savings that school districts can use to fund pre-k, increased teacher
compensation, and other educational programs.Demir Leather


lacoste polo shirt
Comment posted August 6, 2011 @ 11:57 am

Good post….thanks for sharing.. very useful for me i will bookmark this for my future needed.thanks for a great source.


The Moron Test apk
Comment posted September 7, 2011 @ 7:38 am

I like Your Article about The Case for Building Schools | The Washington Independent Perfect just what I was searching for! .


RSS feed for comments on this post.

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.